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South Carolina Predicted Mammal Distribution

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
South Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit,USGS Biological Resources Division
Publication_Date: 20011221
Title: South Carolina Predicted Mammal Distribution
Edition: Version 1.0, December 2001
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Clemson, South Carolina
Publisher:
South Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, USGS Biological Resources Division

Online_Linkage: <http://www.gap.uidaho.edu>
Description:
Abstract:
68 maps representing predicted range and habitat affinity for mammals known to occur in South Carolina were produced. Distributions were based on county occurrences as indicated by recognized experts in the state and by current literature. Habitat preferences were also described by experts as well as documented in the literature. The predicted distribution was based on a 30 meter raster habitat land cover produced by SC-GAP.
Purpose:
Mammal species distributions are critical to understanding South Carolina's biodiversity. Prior to SC-GAP mammals had not been mapped in the state according to distribution and habitat affinity. This database comprised a significant component of the SC-GAP project in planning for diversity and serves as a background for future studies of mammal biodiversity within the state.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20011221
Currentness_Reference: Current as of publication date.
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent: South Carolina State
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -83.2831
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.5004
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 35.1977
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 32.0262

Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Predicted distribution
Theme_Keyword: Mammals
Theme_Keyword: Predicted habitat
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: South Carolina
Place_Keyword: Southeastern United States
Place_Keyword: Coastal Plain
Place_Keyword: Blue Ridge
Place_Keyword: Piedmont
Taxonomy:
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Mammal
Taxon_Rank_Value:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Taxonomic_Keywords: virginia opossum
Taxonomic_Keywords: Didelphis virginiana
Taxonomic_Keywords: masked shrew
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sorex cinereus
Taxonomic_Keywords: southeastern shrew
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sorex longirostris
Taxonomic_Keywords: smoky shrew
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sorex fumeus
Taxonomic_Keywords: pygmy shrew
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sorex hoyi
Taxonomic_Keywords: northern short-tailed shrew
Taxonomic_Keywords: Blarina brevicauda
Taxonomic_Keywords: carolina short-tailed shrew
Taxonomic_Keywords: Blarina carolinensis
Taxonomic_Keywords: least shrew
Taxonomic_Keywords: Cryptotis parva
Taxonomic_Keywords: hairy-tailed mole
Taxonomic_Keywords: Parascalops breweri
Taxonomic_Keywords: eastern mole
Taxonomic_Keywords: Scalopus aquaticus
Taxonomic_Keywords: star-nosed mole
Taxonomic_Keywords: Condylura cristata
Taxonomic_Keywords: little brown myotis
Taxonomic_Keywords: Myotis lucifugus
Taxonomic_Keywords: southeastern myotis
Taxonomic_Keywords: Myotis austroriparius
Taxonomic_Keywords: eastern small-footed myotis
Taxonomic_Keywords: Myotis leibii
Taxonomic_Keywords: northern long-eared myotis
Taxonomic_Keywords: Myotis septentrionalis
Taxonomic_Keywords: silver-haired bat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Lasionycteris noctivagans
Taxonomic_Keywords: eastern pipistrelle
Taxonomic_Keywords: Pipistrellus subflavus
Taxonomic_Keywords: big brown bat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Eptesicus fuscus
Taxonomic_Keywords: eastern red bat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Lasiurus borealis
Taxonomic_Keywords: seminole bat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Lasiurus seminolus
Taxonomic_Keywords: hoary bat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Lasiurus cinereus
Taxonomic_Keywords: northern yellow bat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Lasiurus intermedius
Taxonomic_Keywords: evening bat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Nycticeius humeralis
Taxonomic_Keywords: rafinesque's big-eared bat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Corynorhinus rafinesquii
Taxonomic_Keywords: brazilian free-tailed bat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Tadarida brasiliensis
Taxonomic_Keywords: nine-banded armadillo
Taxonomic_Keywords: Dasypus novemcinctus
Taxonomic_Keywords: marsh rabbit
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sylvilagus palustris
Taxonomic_Keywords: eastern cottontail
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sylvilagus floridanus
Taxonomic_Keywords: new england cottontail
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sylvilagus transitionalis
Taxonomic_Keywords: swamp rabbit
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sylvilagus aquaticus
Taxonomic_Keywords: eastern chipmunk
Taxonomic_Keywords: Tamias striatus
Taxonomic_Keywords: woodchuck
Taxonomic_Keywords: Marmota monax
Taxonomic_Keywords: eastern gray squirrel
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sciurus carolinensis
Taxonomic_Keywords: eastern fox squirrel
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sciurus niger
Taxonomic_Keywords: red squirrel
Taxonomic_Keywords: Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
Taxonomic_Keywords: southern flying squirrel
Taxonomic_Keywords: Glaucomys volans
Taxonomic_Keywords: american beaver
Taxonomic_Keywords: Castor canadensis
Taxonomic_Keywords: marsh rice rat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Oryzomys palustris
Taxonomic_Keywords: eastern harvest mouse
Taxonomic_Keywords: Reithrodontomys humulis
Taxonomic_Keywords: deer mouse
Taxonomic_Keywords: Peromyscus maniculatus
Taxonomic_Keywords: oldfield mouse
Taxonomic_Keywords: Peromyscus polionotus
Taxonomic_Keywords: white-footed mouse
Taxonomic_Keywords: Peromyscus leucopus
Taxonomic_Keywords: cotton mouse
Taxonomic_Keywords: Peromyscus gossypinus
Taxonomic_Keywords: golden mouse
Taxonomic_Keywords: Ochrotomys nuttalli
Taxonomic_Keywords: hispid cotton rat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sigmodon hispidus
Taxonomic_Keywords: eastern woodrat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Neotoma floridana
Taxonomic_Keywords: southern red-backed vole
Taxonomic_Keywords: Clethrionomys gapperi
Taxonomic_Keywords: meadow vole
Taxonomic_Keywords: Microtus pennsylvanicus
Taxonomic_Keywords: woodland vole
Taxonomic_Keywords: Microtus pinetorum
Taxonomic_Keywords: muskrat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Ondatra zibethicus
Taxonomic_Keywords: black rat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Rattus rattus
Taxonomic_Keywords: norway rat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Rattus norvegicus
Taxonomic_Keywords: house mouse
Taxonomic_Keywords: Mus musculus
Taxonomic_Keywords: meadow jumping mouse
Taxonomic_Keywords: Zapus hudsonius
Taxonomic_Keywords: woodland jumping mouse
Taxonomic_Keywords: Napaeozapus insignis
Taxonomic_Keywords: coyote
Taxonomic_Keywords: Canis latrans
Taxonomic_Keywords: red fox
Taxonomic_Keywords: Vulpes vulpes
Taxonomic_Keywords: common gray fox
Taxonomic_Keywords: Urocyon cinereoargenteus
Taxonomic_Keywords: black bear
Taxonomic_Keywords: Ursus americanus
Taxonomic_Keywords: common raccoon
Taxonomic_Keywords: Procyon lotor
Taxonomic_Keywords: long-tailed weasel
Taxonomic_Keywords: Mustela frenata
Taxonomic_Keywords: mink
Taxonomic_Keywords: Mustela vison
Taxonomic_Keywords: eastern spotted skunk
Taxonomic_Keywords: Spilogale putorius
Taxonomic_Keywords: striped skunk
Taxonomic_Keywords: Mephitis mephitis
Taxonomic_Keywords: northern river otter
Taxonomic_Keywords: Lutra canadensis
Taxonomic_Keywords: bobcat
Taxonomic_Keywords: Lynx rufus
Taxonomic_Keywords: feral pig
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sus scrofa
Taxonomic_Keywords: white-tailed deer
Taxonomic_Keywords: Odocoileus virginianus
General_Taxonomic_Coverage: Mammals that breed, winter, or migrate through South Carolina

Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These data were developed from statewide Landsat Thematic Mapper data and are appropriate for use in landscape level analysis of biodiversity. They are not intended for combination with parcel level data for site-specific analysis or decision-making.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
Contact_Person: James D. Scurry
Contact_Position: Technology Development Program Director
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1000 Assembly Street, Suite 134
City: Columbia
State_or_Province: South Carolina
Postal_Code: 29201
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (803)734-9494
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (803)734-7001
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: scurryj@dnr.sc.gov
Hours_of_Service: 9 AM - 5 PM
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: "species_number".jpg (ex. - 173435.jpg)
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Species predicted distribution
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: jpeg
Native_Data_Set_Environment: UNIX AIX 4.3.3, MS Windows NT 4.0, ESRI ArcInfo 8.0.2
Analytical_Tool:
Analytical_Tool_Description: ARC Version 8.0.2 Patch 1
Tool_Access_Information:
Tool_Access_Instructions: Contact ESRI
Tool_Computer_and_Operating_System: IBM AIX 4.3.3
Tool_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Environmental System Research Institution
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing
Address: 380 New York St
City: Redlands
State_or_Province: California
Postal_Code: 92373-8100
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:
909-793-2853 Facsimile_Telephone: 909-307-3025
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: calweb@esri.com
Analytical_Tool:
Analytical_Tool_Description: ArcView 3.2
Tool_Access_Information:
Tool_Access_Instructions: Contact ESRI
Tool_Computer_and_Operating_System: Windows NT 4.0
Tool_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Environmental System Research Institution
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing
Address: 380 New York St
City: Redlands
State_or_Province: California
Postal_Code: 92373-8100
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:
909-793-2853 Facsimile_Telephone: 909-307-3025
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: calweb@esri.com

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Data were compared to species distributions in the following areas with the following accuracy results: Francis Marion Forest - 80.0%, Mt. Bridge Wilderness Area - 67.5%, York County - 61.5%, Fort Jackson - 57%.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Completeness_Report:
Species range maps were created using range descriptions and maps from several publications. Ranges were delineated by county and land cover habitat associated with each species. Binary maps were created for each species based on presence/absence of species within a given county and land cover type (habitat association). All cells within South Carolina were assigned a value of 1 (presence) or 0 (absence). SC GAP used scientific literature and expert opinion to develop a list of vertebrate species in South Carolina. After expert review, the final list of species contained 455 birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Unknown
Quantitative_Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Assessment:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Value:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Explanation:
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: W.J. Hamilton, J.O. Whitaker, Jr.
Publication_Date: 1998
Title: Mammals of the Eastern United States
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: book
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Ithaca, New York
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Online_Linkage: <http://www.gap.uidaho.edu>
Type_of_Source_Media: book

Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1998
Source_Currentness_Reference: Publication Date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: None
Source_Contribution: Mammal reference
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The SC GAP analysis project used scientific literature and expert opinion to develop a list of vertebrate species in South Carolina and model their potential spatial distribution. The range extent was mapped for each species using counties as the basis of its general occurance. The range extent was refined using physiographic regions. Habitat affinities were used as a second component to define predicted distribution. These data provided information regarding each species use of specific vegetation communities that were linked to land cover data. Based on this information, a habitat matrix was created for each species using the 29 classes from the land cover classification.
Process_Date: 20011221
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation:
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
Contact_Person: James D. Scurry
Contact_Position: Information Management Section Leader
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 1000 Assembly Street, Suite 134
City: Columbia
State_or_Province: South Carolina
Postal_Code: 29201
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (803)734-9494
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (803)734-7001
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: scurryj@dnr.sc.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
A distribution map was created for each of the 455 species. The map combined habitat affinities and county distribution to create distribution maps that indicated areas whose vegetation was capable of supporting individual species. Each species was coded for presence/absence only.
Process_Date: 20011201
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
Contact_Person: James D. Scurry
Contact_Position: Information Management Section Leader
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 1000 Assembly Street, Suite 134
City: Columbia
State_or_Province: South Carolina
Postal_Code: 29201
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (803)734-9494
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (803)734-7001
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: scurryj@dnr.sc.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Grid Cell
Row_Count: 11740
Column_Count: 14771

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 17
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -81
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0
False_Easting: 500000
False_Northing: 0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 30
Ordinate_Resolution: 30
Planar_Distance_Units: Meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1927
Ellipsoid_Name: Clarke 1866
Semi-major_Axis: 6378206.4
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 294.98

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Predicted Species Distribution
Entity_Type_Definition: Predicted species distribution based on county and habitat type
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: SC GAP
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Value
Attribute_Definition: predicted presence of species within a given pixel
Attribute_Definition_Source: SC DNR
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Predicted absence of species in cell
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: SC DNR
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Predicted presence of species in cell
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: SC DNR
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: presence
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Count
Attribute_Definition: Number of cells
Attribute_Definition_Source: SC DNR
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 89808162
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: cells (pixels)
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 1
Beginning_Date_of_Attribute_Values:
Ending_Date_of_Attribute_Values:
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Information:
Attribute_Value_Accuracy:
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Explanation:
Attribute_Measurement_Frequency:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Predicted species distribution, indicated by presence/absence of species within individual cells, based on county and habitiat affinity.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
Contact_Person: James D. Scurry
Contact_Position: Technology Development Program Director
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1000 Assembly Street, Suite 134
City: Columbia
State_or_Province: South Carolina
Postal_Code: 29201
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (803)734-9494
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (803)734-7001
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: scurryj@dnr.sc.gov
Hours_of_Service:
Resource_Description: South Carolina predicted species distribution
Distribution_Liability:
The South Carolina Dept. of Natural Resources MAKES NO WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR WARRANTY FOR FITNESS OF USE FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, WITH RESPECT TO THIS MAP PRODUCT. Any user of this map product accepts the same AS IS, WITH ALL FAULTS, and assumes all responsibility for the use thereof, and further covenants and agrees to hold the South Carolina Dept. of Natural Resources harmless from and against any damage, loss, or liability arising from any use of the map product.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Arc Info
Format_Version_Number: 8.0.2
Format_Specification:
Format_Information_Content:
File_Decompression_Technique:
Transfer_Size:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
Access_Instructions:
Online_Computer_and_Operating_System:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: CD-ROM
Recording_Capacity:
Recording_Density: 650
Recording_Density_Units: megabytes
Recording_Format: CD-ROM

Compatibility_Information:
Fees: Free

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20011215
Metadata_Review_Date: 20011221
Metadata_Future_Review_Date:
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
Contact_Person: James D. Scurry
Contact_Position: Technology Development Program Director
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1000 Assembly Street, Suite 134
City: Columbia
State_or_Province: South Carolina
Postal_Code: 29201
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (803)734-9494
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (803)734-7001
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: scurryj@dnr.sc.gov
Hours_of_Service: 9 AM - 5 PM
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata - June, 1998
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention:
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
These data were developed from statewide Landsat Thematic Mapper data and are appropriate for use in landscape level analysis of biodiversity. They are not intended for combination with parcel level data for site-specific analysis or decision-making.

Generated by mp version 2.7.22 on Mon Dec 17 14:29:27 2001


 

South Carolina Department of Natural Resources - Phone Numbers
Rembert C. Dennis Building, 1000 Assembly Street, Columbia, SC 29201
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