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South Carolina State Climatology Office
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South Carolina Current Drought Status

State Climate Office      (803) 734-9100
SPECIAL NEWS RELEASE #06 30
Statement Date:August 16, 2006:

FIRST LEVEL OF DROUGHT DECLARED IN SOME SOUTH CAROLINA COUNTIES

South Carolina Drought Status by County.
Table of all counties and drought status.

A pattern of sporadic rain showers and below-normal rainfall in some areas led the S.C. Department of Natural Resources to issue an incipient drought declaration for the entire Savannah River Basin and four counties in the Catawba/Wateree Basin.

On Wednesday, Aug. 16, in Columbia, after evaluating overall statewide conditions, the state agency members of the drought response committee voted to declare an incipient drought in all counties of the Savannah River Basin, including Oconee, Pickens, Anderson, Abbeville, McCormick, Edgefield, Aiken, Barnwell, Allendale, Hampton and Jasper, as well as York, Lancaster, Chester and Kershaw counties in the Catawba/Wateree Basin.

The incipient drought declaration is the first level of drought followed by moderate, severe and extreme. During incipient drought, the S.C. Department of Natural Resources (DNR) activates the Drought Information Center, increases monitoring and notification of the drought status. Water systems and industries are encouraged to closely monitor conditions and implement their drought plans as needed.

“The decision to upgrade the drought status to incipient was supported by the long-term rainfall deficit in the Upstate and headwaters of North Carolina,” said Freddy Vang, DNR deputy director of the Land, Water and Conservation Division. “Despite recent rains, the streams and lake levels along the Savannah and Catawba Wateree basins continue to decline.”

Mary Kathryn Green, spokesperson for Duke Energy said, “The rainfall totals we’ve seen for our area in the Carolinas, suggest conditions dryer this year than the same timeframe in 2002—which was the drought of record. Therefore we have reduced our hydro-generation by 45-percent to help conserve this resource. Duke Energy strongly supports the S.C. Drought Council’s decision to place the Savannah and Catawba/Wateree river basins under incipient drought conditions.”

Duke is at drought stage one as designated by its Low Inflow Protocol. On the Savannah, Lake Hartwell and Lake Thurmond have reached drought trigger level one and are close to drought level two, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Drought Plan.

According to Hope Mizzell, South Carolina state climatologist, the U.S Army Corps and Duke’s drought designations were major factors influencing the State Drought Response Committee’s decision to upgrade. Consistency between local, state and federal drought response is important for effective drought planning and management.

David Tompkins with the S.C. Department of Agriculture added that some areas are very dry, particularly in the Upstate and parts of the Coastal Plain. “While we don’t have a general agricultural drought at this time, we’re hoping for some good rainfall for the remainder of the growing season,” Tompkins said. Fortunately, according to David Baize with the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control, no water systems are reporting any supply problems at this time.

Darryl Jones with the S.C. Forestry Commission also reports that the ongoing dry weather in some areas of the state has forestry officials concerned about the potential long-term impacts to the state’s forests. While the number of forest fires and acres burned this year is close to the 10-year average, a continuation of the prolonged rainfall deficit could lead to an increase in the occurrence of wildfires, as well as other forest health concerns. While the effects of a long dry period are often not immediately noticeable, trees under stress from a lack of rainfall or water table fluctuation can become more susceptible to damage from bark beetles, defoliators, and saltwater influx into the soil.

If conditions continue to deteriorate, the DNR will convene the full drought response committee in the next few weeks.



Table 1: Rainfall Summary Jan. 1–Aug. 13, 2006
                      Precipitation             Deviation
                         Total                  From Avg.
Greer                    20.42                    -12.0
Columbia                 22.55                     -9.6
Orangeburg               25.08                     -7.0
Charlotte, NC            23.70                     -3.6
Augusta, GA              23.02                     -6.3
Florence                 31.32                      2.2
Myrtle Beach             25.64                     -1.6
Charleston               28.47                     -4.0
Savannah, Ga             20.56                    -11.4


Drought Status Table

Current Drought Status by County
Normal Incipient Moderate Severe Extreme
County
Status
County
Status
County
Status
County
Status
County
Status
ABBEVILLE
Incipient
AIKEN
Incipient
ALLENDALE
Incipient
ANDERSON
Incipient
BAMBERG
Normal
BARNWELL
Incipient
BEAUFORT
Normal
BERKELEY
Normal
CALHOUN
Normal
CHARLESTON
Normal
CHEROKEE
Normal
CHESTER
Incipient
CHESTERFIELD
Normal
CLARENDON
Normal
COLLETON
Normal
DARLINGTON
Normal
DILLON
Normal
DORCHESTER
Normal
EDGEFIELD
Incipient
FAIRFIELD
Normal
FLORENCE
Normal
GEORGETOWN
Normal
GREENVILLE
Normal
GREENWOOD
Normal
HAMPTON
Incipient
HORRY
Normal
JASPER
Incipient
KERSHAW
Incipient
LANCASTER
Incipient
LAURENS
Normal
LEE
Normal
LEXINGTON
Normal
MARION
Normal
MARLBORO
Normal
MCCORMICK
Incipient
NEWBERRY
Normal
OCONEE
Incipient
ORANGEBURG
Normal
PICKENS
Incipient
RICHLAND
Normal
SALUDA
Normal
SPARTANBURG
Normal
SUMTER
Normal
UNION
Normal
WILLIAMSBURG
Normal
YORK
Incipient


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-Written by G. Michael Willis-

Find out more about the State Climatology Office at http://www.dnr.sc.gov/climate/sco/ or by calling (803) 734-9100.

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