XVI. References

Anderson, L. E. and R. H. Zander, 1973. The Mosses of the Southern Blue Ridge Province and their Phytogeographic Relationships. J. Elisha Mitch. Sci. Soc. 89: 14-60.

Anderson, L. E. and W. R. Buck, 1988. Entodon Hampeanus C. Mull., New and Extinct in the United States. The Bryologist 91(2) 113-115.

Anderson, R. F. 1960. Forest and Shade Tree Entomology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, New York. 428 pp. Anonymous, Keowee Toxaway Land Use Plan. Duke Power Company. Unpublished Report. 5 pp.

Baker, O. E. III, and D. B. Carmichael, Jr. South Carolina's Furbearers. SC Dept. Nat. Resources. P.O. Box 167, Columbia, S.C.

Barnes, J.A. 1993. Impact of Beaver on the Chauga River Drainage, Sumter National Forest, South Carolina. M.S. Thesis. Clemson University, Clemson, S.C.

Billings, R. F. Direct Control in The Southern Pine Beetle. Forest Service Science and Education Administration Technical Bulletin 1631. United States Department of Agrriculture. pp 179- 192.

Billings, W. D and L. E. Anderson. 1966. Some microclimatic characteristics of habitats of endemic and disjunct bryophytes in the Southern Blue Ridge. The Bryologist 69: 76-95.

Blagden, T., Jr. and T. Wyche. 1994. South Carolina Mountain Wilderness: The Blue Ridge Escarpment, Westcliffe Press, 1994.

Bloomer, L. 1997. The Jocassee Gorges - A Special Place to Be. A Brief History. Unpublished Document. Crescent Resources, Inc. Seneca, S.C. 2 pp.

Bloxham, W.M. 1979. Low Frequency and Flow Duration of South Carolina Streams: SC Water Resources Commission, Report No. 11, 90 p.

Blue, L.L. 1997. History and Heritage of the Keowee Toxaway Project. Unpublished Report. Duke Energy Corporation, World of Energy, Seneca, South Carolina.

Borawa, J. C., Goudreau, C. J. and M. M. Clemmons. 1995. Responses of Wild Trout Populations To Supplemental Feeding. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, Mountain Fisheries Investigations, Federal Aid Project F-24.

Brose, P., Van Lear, D.H. and P. Keyser. 1998. A Shelterwood-Burn Technique to Regenerate Oaks on Productive Upland Sites: Implications for Wildlife Management. Manuscript Submitted to Wildlife Society Bulletin. Department of Forest Resources, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina.

Bruce, R. C., 1965. The distribution of amphibians and reptiles on the southeastern escarpment of the Blue Ridge Mountains and adjacent Piedmont. Jour. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. (1) 19-24.

Burriss, P. 1997. Environmental Assessment for the Village Creek Project, Sumter National Forest, Andrew Pickens District. USDA Forest Service, Walhalla, S.C.

Butfiloski, W. J., 1996. Home Range, Movements and Habitat Utilization of Female Black Bears in the Mountains of South Carolina. M.S. Thesis. Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina.

Callicott, J. B., and K. Mumford. 1997. Ecological sustainability as a conservation concept. Conservation Biology 11: 32-40.

Cooper, A. W., 1963. A survey of the vegetation of the Toxaway River Gorge with some remarks about early botanical explorations and an annotated list of the vascular plants of the gorge area. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 79: 1-22.

Cooper, A. W. and J. W. Harden, 1970. Floristics and vegetation of the gorges of the southern Blue Ridge escarpment. In The distributional history of the biota of the southern Appalachians, Part II: Flora. Perry C. Holt with Robert a. Paterson, eds. Research Division Monograph 2, V.P.I. and S. U., Blacksburg, Va.

Davison, P. G., and M. L. Hicks. 1995. Report on collecting activities in Eastatoe Creek Heritage Preserve, Pickens County, South Carolina on August 10, 1995. Unpublished report to North Carolina Department of Environment, Health and Natural Resources. 6 pp.

Delcourt, H. R., 1985. Holocene vegetation changes in the southern Appalachian mountains, U.S.A. Ecologia Mediterranea Tome XI (Fascicle).

Delcourt, H.R., and P.A. Delcourt. 1997. Pre-Columbian native American use of fire on Southern Appalachian landscapes. Conservation Biology 11: 1010-1014. Duda, M. 1998. Survey of Freshwater Fishermen in S.C. Responsive Management

Dumond, D. M., 1970. Floristic and vegetational survey of the Chattooga River Gorge. Castanea 35: 201-244. Duke Power Company. Keowee-Toxaway Project Land Use Plan.

Eggers, D. M., 1965. A floristic study of the vascular plants of Thompson River gorge. Unpublished report of research, Highlands Biological station, Highlands North Carolina.

Environmental Protection Agency. 1993. Guidance Specifying Management Measures for Sources of Nonpoint Pollution in Coastal Waters. US EPA. Washington, D.C.

Floyd, M.A., J.C. Morse, and S.C. Harris. 1997. Aquatic insects of Lake Jocassee Catchment, North and South Carolina, part II: caddisflies (Trichoptera) of six additional drainages, with a description of a new species. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 113(3): 133-142

Gaddy, L.L., 1988. Biological surveys of the proposed Coley Creek pumped storage project site. Unpub rep. for Duke Power Company.

Gaddy, L.L., 1990. Glade Fern Ravine, a Rich Site in the Blue Ridge Province of South Carolina. Castanea 55(4): 282-285.

Gaddy, L.L., 1998. A Preliminary Investigation of the Natural Significance of the Jocassee Tract. 245 The Wild Wood Way, Walhalla, S.C. 29691.

Geddings, W.R. and D.M. Rankin. 1996. Fisheries Investigations in Lakes and Streams - District I. Annual Progress Report of Trout Stocking and Federal Aid Project F-63-1-1. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, Coulmbia, S.C.

Geddings, W.R. and D.M. Rankin. 1997. Fisheries Investigations in Lakes and Streams - District I. Annual Progress Report of Trout Stocking and Federal Aid Project F-63-1-1. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, Coulmbia, S.C.

Guffey, S.Z. 1995. Allozyme Genetics of South Carolina Brook Trout. Unpublished Report Submitted to SCDNR under Contract. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN. 29 pp.

Habera, J.W. and R.J. Strange. 1992-1996. Wild Trout Project. Annual Reports. University of Tennessee, Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries and Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. Knoxville, TN.

Habera, J.W. and S.E. Moore. 1992. Standardized Sampling Guidelines for Wadeable Trout Streams. American Fisheries Society, Southern Division - Trout Committee. 12 pp.

Harlow, R. F., R.L. Downing, and D. H. VanLear. 1997. Responses of Wildlife to Clearcutting and Associated Treatments in the Eastern United States. Department of Forest Resources, Technical Paper No. 19. Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina.

Harmon, M., J. Franklin, F. Swanson, P. Sollins, S. Gregory, J. Lattin, N. Anderson, S. Cline, N. Aumen, J. Sedell, G. Lienkaemper, K. Cromack, Jr., K. Cummins. 1986. Ecology of coarse woody debris in tempertate ecosystems. Adavances in Ecological Research 15: 133-302.

Hatcher, R.D., Jr. 1976. Introduction to the Geology of the Eastern Blue Ridge of the Carolinas and Nearby Georgia: Carolina Geological Society, pp. 52.

Hatcher, R.D., Jr. and S.A. Goldberg. 1991. The Blue Ridge Geologic Province, in Horton, J.W. Jr. and V.A. Zullo, eds. The Geology of the Carolinas, Carolina Geological Society Fiftieth Anniversary Volume. p. 11-36.

Hedman, C.W. 1992. Southern Appalachian Riparian Zones: Their Vegetative Composition and Contributions of Large Woody Debris to Streams. Phd Dissertation. Clemson University, Clemson, S.C.

Hembree, M., and D. Jackson. 1995. Keowee. The Story of the Keowee River Valley in Upstate South Carolina. 106 pp.

Hewlett, J.D. and J.E. Douglass. 1968. Blending Forest Uses. USDA Forest Service Research Paper SE-37. Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. Asheville, N.C. 15 pp.

Hitchcock, A. S., 1950. Manual of the Grasses of the United States, ed. 2, revised by Agnes Chase. U. S. Dept. of Agriculture Misc. Pub. No. 200. U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.

Johnson, A.S., P.E. Hale, W. M. Ford, J. M. Wentworth, J. R. French, O. F. Anderson, and G. B. Pullen. 1995. White-tailed deer foraging in relation to successional stage, overstory type and management of Southern Appalachian forests. American Midland Naturalist 133: 18-35.

Johnson, F.A., Siple, G.E. and T.R. Cummings. 1968. A Reconnaissance of the Water Resources of Pickens County, South Carolina: SC Water Resources Commission Report No. 1, 69 p., 1pl.

Johnson, K. G. 1982. Preliminary Results of Bait-Station Surveys to Monitor Relative Abundance, Distribution, and Activities of Black Bears in the Southern Appalachian Region. Ann. Science Res. Meeting. National Park Service, Southeast Region. 8:27 (Abstract).

Lumpkin, J. and W.R. Geddings. Brook, Rainbow and Brown Trout in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, Columbia, South Carolina. 32 p.

McKown, B.F. 1988. Fort Prince George and the Cherokee-South Carolina Frontier, 1753- 1768, Clenson University Master's Thesis, Clemson, South Carolina.

Moore, S.E. 1996. The Big One That Didn't Get Away. A Partnership of Trout Unlimited and the Great Smokey Mountains National Park. Gatlinburg, TN.

Moore, S.E. 1993. Fishery Management Plan. Great Smokey Mountains National Park. Gatlinburg, TN.

Moore, S.E. 1995. Annual Report. Great Smokey Mountains National Park, Resource Management Fisheries Division. Gatlinburg, TN.

Morse, J.C., S.W. Hamilton, and K.M. Hoffman. 1989. Aquatic insects of Lake Jocassee Catchment, North and South Carolina, with descriptions of four new species of caddisflies (Trichoptera). Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 105(1): 14-33.

Morse, J.C., B.P. Stark, and W.P. McCafferty. 1993. Southern Appalachian streams at risk: implications for mayflies, stoneflies, caddisflies, and other aquatic biota. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 3: 293-303.

Mowbray, T. B. and H. J. Oosting, 1968. Vegetation gradients in relation to environment and phenology in a southern Blue Ridge gorge. Ecol. Monogr. 38: 309-344.

Nelson, A.W., Horton, J.W. and J.W. Cooke. 1989. Geologic Map of the Greenville 10 x 20 Quadrangle, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey, Open- File Report 89-9, Scale 1:250,000.

Nelson, A.W., Horton, J.W. and J.W. Cooke. in press. Geology of the Greenville 10 x 20 Quadrangle, South Carolina, Georgia: U.S. Geological Survey, Scale 1:250,000.

Nilsson, S. G., U. Arup, R. Baranowski, and S. Ekman. 1994. Tree-dependent lichens and beetles as indicators in conservation forests. Conservation Biology 9: 1208-1215.

North Carolina Division of Forest Resources. 1989. Forestry Best Management Practices Manual. Department of Environment, Health and Natural Resources. 67 pp.

Patton, E. G. and R. W. Powell, Jr., 1965. Vegetation and flora of the lower Devil's Fork drainage basin, Oconee Co., South Carolina. Unpublished report of research, Highland Biological Station, Highlands, North Carolina.

Phillips, D. L. and D. J. Shure. 1990. Patch-size effects on early succession in southern Appalachian forests. Ecology 71: 204-212.

Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles, and C. R. Bell, 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Raine, C. A., D. R. Farrar, and E. Sheffield. 1991. A new Hymenophyllum species in the Appalachians represented by independent gametophyte colonies. American Fern Journal 81: 109-118.

Richter, B.D., D.P. Braun, M. A. Mendelson, and L. L. Master. 1997. Threats to imperiled freshwater fauna. Conservation Biology 11: 1081-1092.

Rodgers, C. L., 1965., The vegetation of Horsepasture Gorge. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 81: 103-112.

Rodgers, C. L. and R. E. Shake, 1965. Survey of vascular plants in Bearcamp Creek watershed. Castanea 30: 149-166.

Rodgers, C. L., 1969. Vascular plants in Horsepasture Gorge. Castanea 34:374-394.

Rodgers, C. L., and G. W. Shiflet, Jr., 1970. Plants of the Eastatoe. Unpublished report of research, Highlands Biological Station, Highlands, North Carolina.

Runkle, J. R. 1982. Patterns of disturbance in some old-growth mesic forests of eastern North America. Ecology 63: 1533-1546. Seehorn, M. E. 1985. Stream Habitat Improvement Handbook. Technical Publication 16. USDA Forest Service, Atlanta, Georgia.

Seibert, S.G., and M. R. Pelton. 1994. Nutrient content of squawroot, Conopholis americana, and its importance to Southern Appalachian black bears, Ursus americanus (Carnivora: Ursidae). Brimleyana 21: 151-156.

Simmons, E. 1983. School Exists in Memory. The Pickens Sentinel, Wednesday, September 14, 1983. page 13.

Snyder, D. 1991. The green salamander (Aneides aenus) in Tennessee and Kentucky, with comments on the Carolina's Blue Ridge populations. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 66: 165-169.

Soil Conservation Service, General Soil Maps, Pickens and Oconee Counties, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control. 1993. Water Classifications and Standards (Regulation 61-68), Classified Waters (Regulation 61-69). Columbia, S.C. 36 pp.

South Carolina Department of Natural Resources. 1997-98. 1997-98 Hunting, Fishing and Wildlife Management Areas in South Carolina - Rules and Regulations. Columbia, S.C.

South Carolina Department of Natural Resources. 1998. Climatological Normals 1961-1990, Salem _1_SW, SC (387589), most Recent Data from Internet Home Page.

South Carolina Department of Natural Resources and Duke Power Company. 1996. Keowee Toxaway Fishery Resources, Ten Year Work Plan (January 1996-December 2005). 20pp.

South Carolina Forestry Commission. 1994. S.C.'s Best Management Practices for Forestry. S.C. Forestry Commission. Columbia, S.C. 64 pp.

South Carolina Game and Fish Department (and S.C. Wildlife Resources Department). 1935- 1962. Annual Legislative Reports. Columbia, S.C.

South Carolina Water Resources Commission. 1983. South Carolina State Water Assessment: SC Water Resources Commission Report 140, 367 p.

Stivers, J. R. 1997. Applications of warm-season native grasses on the Talladega National Forest (east Central Alabama). Abstract in Native Grasses of the Eastern United States Symposium at the North Carolina Arboretum, University of North Carolina.

Strausbaugh, and E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia. Seneca Books, Inc. Grantsville, West Virginia. 1079 pp.

Swift, L.W., Jr. 1984. Gravel and Grass Surfacing Reduces Soil Loss from Mountain Roads. Forest Sci., Vol. 30, No. 3. pp. 657-670.

Swift, L.W., Jr. 1984. Soil Losses from Roadbeds and Cut and Fill Slopes in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 209-215.

Swift, L.W., Jr and S.E. Baker. 1973. Lower Water Temperatures Within a Streamside Buffer Strip. USDA Forest Service Research Note SE-193. Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, N.C. 7 pp.

Taylor, G.B. 1993. Impacts of Beaver (Castor Canadensis Carolinensis) on Riparian Ecosystems in the Chauga River Drainage. M.S. Thesis. Clemson University, Clemson, S.C.

Thatcher, R. C. and P. J. Barry. 1982. Southern Pine Beetle. Forest Insect & Disease Leaflet 49. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. 7 pp.

The Wildlife Society. 1992. Position statement of The Wildlife Society, Conserving biological diversity. The Wildlife Society Council, Bethesda, Maryland. 2pp.

Turner, J. and B. Sherrill. December 1997. Hard Work and Sacrifice Provided a Heritage That Lives Today in Upper Transylvania County. Mountain News, Auger Hole. Transylvania County, North Carolina. pp. 34-35.

Van Lear, D.H. 1995. Sedimentation in the Chattooga River Watershed. 1995. Clemson University, Dept. of Forest Resources, Technical Paper No. 19. Clemson, South Carolina.

Van Lear, D.H., H.R. Still, F.A. Nicholson, J.S. Garton, B.C. Dysart, III, and L.J. Bloomer. 1996. Effective Resource Partnerships at the Bad Creek Hydroelectric Station site in South Carolina. 1996. Wildlife Society Bulletin 24(4): pp.750-756.

Van Lear, D.H., H.R. Still, and F.A. Nicholson. 1996. Building Effective Resource Partnerships at Hydro Projects. 1994. Hydro Review, Vol. XIII, No. 3.

Van Deventer, J.S. and W.S. Platts. 1983. Sampling and Estimating Fish Populations from Streams. Trans. North American Wildlife and Natural Resource Conference. vol. 48. pp. 349-354.

Wagner, W. H., Jr., D. R. Farrar, and B. W. McAlpin, 1970. Pteridology of the Highlands Biological Station area, southern Appalachians. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 86: 1-27.

Wathen, G. 1997. Bait Station Surveys to Monitor Black Bear Population Trends in the Southern Appalachian Region. Annual Black Bear Bait Station Progress Report. Unpublished Report. Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency, Nashville, TN. Ware, D.M. E., 1973. Floristic survey of the Thompson River watershed, Castanea 38:344-378.

Willey, R. D., 1995. Population Dynamics and Denning Ecology of Black Bears in the Mountains of South Carolina. M.S. Thesis, Clemson University., Clemson, South Carolina.

Whitehead, C.T., Jr. 1969. Oak Mast Yields on Wildlife Management Areas in Tennessee. Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency, Nashville, TN. 11pp.

Wood, G.W. 1998. Adaptive Management in the Passive Mode. Department of Aquaculture, Fisheries and Wildlife. Clemson University, Clemson, S.C. 4 pp.

Wyche, T. and J. Kilgo. 1996. The Blue Wall - Wilderness of the Carolina's and Georgia. Westcliffe Publishers. 112 pp.