Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Species of South Carolina

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These lists should not be considered complete, as no complete survey of the state has ever been done.

Scientific
Name
Common
Name
Federal
Status
State
Status
Global
Rank
State
Rank
Acipenser brevirostrumShortnose SturgeonLE: EndangeredSE: EndangeredG3S3
Acipenser oxyrinchusAtlantic SturgeonLE: Endangered--G3S3
Acris crepitansNorthern Cricket Frog----G5S5
Aimophila aestivalisBachman's Sparrow----G3S3
Alasmidonta undulataTriangle Floater----G4S1
Alasmidonta varicosaBrook Floater----G3SNR
Amblyscirtes reversaReversed Roadside Skipper----G3G4SNR
Ambystoma cingulatumFrosted Flatwoods SalamanderLT: ThreatenedSE: EndangeredG2S1
Ambystoma mabeeiMabee's Salamander----G4S4
Ambystoma tigrinum tigrinumEastern Tiger Salamander----G5S2S3
Ammodramus savannarumGrasshopper Sparrow----G5SNRB,SNRN
Aneides aeneusGreen Salamander----G3G4S1
Anodonta couperianaBarrel Floater----G4S1
Apalone feroxFlorida Softshell----G5SNR
Atrytone arogosArogos Skipper----G3SNR
Autochton cellusGolden-banded Skipper----G4S2S4
Bonasa umbellusRuffed Grouse----G5S4
Butorides virescensGreen Heron----G5SNR
Cambarus carolinusRed Burrowing Crayfish----G4S2?
Cambarus chaugaensisOconee Stream Crayfish----G2S2S3
Cambarus hobbsorumRocky River Crayfish----G3G4S3S4
Cambarus reflexusa Crayfish----G4S3
Cambarus spicatusBroad River Spiny Crayfish----G3S3
Caretta carettaLoggerheadLT: ThreatenedST: ThreatenedG3S3
Cervus elaphusWapiti or Elk----G5SNR
Charadrius wilsoniaWilson's Plover--ST: ThreatenedG5S3?
Cicindela dorsalis mediaWhite Tiger Beetle----G3G4T3T4S3S4
Clemmys guttataSpotted Turtle--ST: ThreatenedG5S5
Colinus virginianusNorthern Bobwhite----G4G5S4
Columbina passerinaCommon Ground-dove--ST: ThreatenedG5SNR
Condylura cristataStar-nosed Mole----G5S3?
Corynorhinus rafinesquiiRafinesque's Big-eared Bat--SE: EndangeredG3G4S2
Crotalus adamanteusEastern Diamondback Rattlesnake----G4S3
Crotalus horridusTimber Rattlesnake----G4SNR
Dendroica virensBlack-throated Green Warbler----G5S4
Dendroica virens wayneiWayne's Black-throated Green Warbler----G5T3SNRB
Desmognathus aeneusSeepage Salamander----G3G4SNR
Desmognathus folkertsiDwarf Black-bellied Salamander----G2SNR
Desmognathus marmoratusShovelnose Salamander----G4S2
Distocambarus carlsoniMimic Crayfish----G2G3SNR
Distocambarus crockeria Crayfish----G3S3
Distocambarus hunteria Crayfish----G1SNR
Distocambarus youngineriNewberry Burrowing Crayfish----G1S1
Dolania americanaAmerican Sand Burrowing Mayfly----G4S3
Egretta caeruleaLittle Blue Heron----G5SNR
Elanoides forficatusAmerican Swallow-tailed Kite--SE: EndangeredG5S2
Elassoma boehlkeiCarolina Pygmy Sunfish--ST: ThreatenedG2S1
Elassoma okatieBluebarred Pygmy Sunfish----G2G3SNR
Elimia catenariaGravel Elimia----G4SNR
Elliptio "angustata-producta" complexCarolina Lance-Atlantic Spike complex----G3S3
Elliptio angustataCarolina Lance----G4S3
Elliptio complanataEastern Elliptio----G5S5
Elliptio congaraeaCarolina Slabshell----G3S3
Elliptio fisherianaNorthern Lance----G4SNR
Elliptio folliculataPod Lance----G2G3QS2S3
Elliptio fraternaBrother Spike--SE: EndangeredG1G2S1
Elliptio icterinaVariable Spike----G5QS4
Elliptio productaAtlantic Spike----G3QS2
Elliptio roanokensisRoanoke Slabshell----G3S2
Elliptio waccamawensisWaccamaw Spike----G2G3QS1
Eptesicus fuscusBig Brown Bat----G5S5?
Etheostoma brevispinumCarolina Fantail Darter----G4S1
Etheostoma collisCarolina Darter----G3SNR
Etheostoma hopkinsiChristmas Darter----G4G5S4
Etheostoma zonaleBanded Darter----G5S1?
Eubalaena glacialisAtlantic Right WhaleLE: EndangeredSE: EndangeredG1SNA
Eudocimus albusWhite Ibis----G5SNR
Eumeces anthracinus pluvialisSouthern Coal Skink--ST: ThreatenedG5T5SNR
Eurycea chamberlainiChamberlain's Dwarf Salamander----G4SNR
Falco peregrinus anatumAmerican Peregrine Falcon--ST: ThreatenedG4T4SNR
Falco sparveriusAmerican Kestrel----G5S4
Farancia erytrogrammaRainbow Snake----G4SNR
Faxonella clypeataDitch Fencing Crayfish----G5S2?
Fundulus diaphanusBanded Killifish----G5S1
Fusconaia masoniAtlantic Pigtoe--SE: EndangeredG2SH
Gillia altilisBuffalo Pebblesnail----G5S1
Glyptemys muhlenbergiiBog TurtleLT: ThreatenedST: ThreatenedG3S1
Gopherus polyphemusGopher TortoiseC: CandidateSE: EndangeredG3S1
Haematopus palliatusAmerican Oystercatcher----G5SNR
Haliaeetus leucocephalusBald Eagle--ST: ThreatenedG5S2
Hemidactylium scutatumFour-toed Salamander----G5SNR
Heterodon simusSouthern Hognose Snake--ST: ThreatenedG2SNR
Hyla andersoniiPine Barrens Treefrog--ST: ThreatenedG4S2S3
Hyla avivocaBird-voiced Treefrog----G5S5
Hylocichla mustelinaWood Thrush----G4S3?B
Ixobrychus exilisLeast Bittern----G5SNR
Kinosternon bauriiStriped Mud Turtle----G5SNR
Kogia brevicepsPygmy Sperm Whale----G4SNA
Kogia simusDwarf Sperm Whale----G4SNR
Lampropeltis triangulumMilk Snake----G5S2
Lampsilis cariosaYellow Lampmussel----G3G4S2
Lampsilis radiataEastern Lampmussel----G5S2
Lampsilis splendidaRayed Pink Fatmucket----G3S2
Lanius ludovicianusLoggerhead Shrike----G4S3
Lasionycteris noctivagansSilver-haired Bat----G3G4SNR
Lasiurus borealisEastern Red Bat----G3G4S4S5
Lasiurus cinereusHoary Bat----G3G4SNR
Lasiurus intermediusNorthern Yellow Bat----G5SNR
Lasiurus seminolusSeminole Bat----G5S4?
Lasmigona decorataCarolina HeelsplitterLE: Endangered--G1S1
Laterallus jamaicensisBlack Rail----G3G4SNR
Leptodea ochraceaTidewater Mucket----G3G4S2
Ligumia nasutaEastern Pondmussel----G4S2
Limnothlypis swainsoniiSwainson's Warbler----G4S4
Lioplax subcarinataRidged Lioplax----G4G5S1
Lithobates capitoGopher Frog--SE: EndangeredG3S1
Lithobates palustrisPickerel Frog----G5SNR
Lithobates sylvaticusWood Frog----G5S3
Macromia margaritaMargaret's River Cruiser----G3SNR
Megaleuctra williamsaeSmokies Needlefly----G2SNR
Megaptera novaeangliaeHumpback WhaleLE: EndangeredSE: EndangeredG4S1
Melanerpes erythrocephalusRed-headed Woodpecker----G5SNR
Microtus pennsylvanicusMeadow Vole----G5S3?
Micrurus fulviusEastern or Harlequin Coral Snake----G5S2
Mustela frenataLong-tailed Weasel----G5S3?
Mustela nivalisLeast Weasel----G5S3?
Mustela visonMink----G5S4
Mycteria americanaWood StorkLT: ThreatenedSE: EndangeredG4S1S2
Myodes gapperi carolinensisCarolina Red-backed Vole----G5T4S2
Myotis austroripariusSoutheastern Bat----G4S1S2
Myotis leibiiEastern Small-footed Myotis--ST: ThreatenedG4S1
Myotis lucifugusLittle Brown Myotis----G3S1S2
Myotis septentrionalisNorthern Long-eared BatLT: Threatened--G1G2S1
Myotis sodalisIndiana MyotisLE: EndangeredSE: EndangeredG2S1
Napaeozapus insignisWoodland Jumping Mouse----G5S2S3
Neotoma floridana haematoreiaEastern Woodrat----G5T4QS3S4
Nerodia floridanaFlorida Green Water Snake----G5S2
Notropis chiliticusRedlip Shiner----G4S1?
Nyctanassa violaceaYellow-crowned Night-heron----G5SNR
Nycticeius humeralisEvening Bat----G5S5
Nycticorax nycticoraxBlack-crowned Night Heron----G5SNR
Ondatra zibethicusMuskrat----G5SNR
Ophisaurus compressusIsland Glass Lizard----G3G4S1S2
Ophisaurus mimicusMimic Glass Lizard----G3SNR
Parascalops breweriHairy-tailed Mole----G5S2?
Passerina cirisPainted Bunting----G5SNRB
Pelecanus occidentalisBrown Pelican----G4S1S2
Perimyotis subflavusTricolored Bat----G2G3S1S2
Phoca vitulinaHarbor Seal----G5SNA
Picoides borealisRed-cockaded WoodpeckerLE: EndangeredSE: EndangeredG3S2
Pituophis melanoleucusPine or Gopher Snake----G4S3S4
Pituophis melanoleucus mugitusFlorida Pine Snake----G4T3S2
Plegadis falcinellusGlossy Ibis----G5SNR
Plethodon websteriWebster's Salamander--SE: EndangeredG3G4S2
Podilymbus podicepsPied-billed Grebe----G5SNR
Polycentropus carlsoniCarlson's Polycentropus Caddisfly----G2G3S1S3
Porphyrula martinicaPurple Gallinule----G5S4
Procambarus ancylusEdisto Crayfish----G4G5S4S5
Procambarus barbatusa Crayfish----G5S4
Procambarus blandingiiSantee Crayfish----G4S4
Procambarus braswelliWaccamaw Crayfish----G3SNR
Procambarus chaceia Crayfish----G4S4
Procambarus echinatusEdisto Crayfish----G3S3
Procambarus enoplosternum------G4G5SNR
Procambarus hirsutusa Crayfish----G4S4
Procambarus lepidodactylusPee Dee Lotic Crayfish----G4S4
Procambarus lunzia Crayfish----G4S2S3
Procambarus pearseiSandhills Crayfish----G4S3
Procambarus pubescensa Crayfish----G4G5S3?
Protoptila morettiiMoretti's Caddisfly----G1G2SNR
Pseudacris ornataOrnate Chorus Frog----G4SNR
Pseudobranchus striatusBroad-striped Dwarf Siren--ST: ThreatenedG5S2
Pseudotriton montanus flavissimusGulf Coast Mud Salamander----G5T4S3S4
Pyganodon cataractaEastern Floater----G5SNR
Rallus elegansKing Rail----G4SNR
Rallus longirostrisClapper Rail----G5SNR
Rhinichthys obtususBlacknose Dace----G5S1
Rynchops nigerBlack Skimmer----G5S2
Sciurus nigerSouthern Fox Squirrel----G5S3S4
Seminatrix pygaeaBlack Swamp Snake----G5SNR
Semotilus lumbeeSandhills Chub----G3G4S2
Somatochlora calvertiCalvert's Emerald----G3SNR
Somatogyrus virginicusPanhandle Pebblesnail----G2G3SNR
Sorex cinereusMasked Shrew----G5S2
Sorex fumeusSmoky Shrew----G5S4?
Sorex hoyiSouthern Pygmy Shrew----G5S3
Speyeria dianaDiana Fritillary----G3G4S3?
Sphodros coyleiCoyle's Purseweb Spider----G4?SNR
Spilogale putoriusEastern Spotted Skunk----G4S3
Sterna antillarumLeast Tern--ST: ThreatenedG4S3
Sterna maximaRoyal Tern----G5SNR
Sterna niloticaGull-billed Tern----G5SNR
Sterna sandvicensisSandwich Tern----G5SNR
Strophitus undulatusCreeper----G5S2
Stylurus townesiTownes' Clubtail----G3S1S3
Sylvilagus aquaticusSwamp Rabbit----G5S2?
Sylvilagus obscurusAppalachian Cottontail----G4S3?
Synaptomys cooperiSouthern Bog Lemming----G5SNR
Tadarida brasiliensisBrazilian Free-tailed Bat----G5S4S5
Tamiasciurus hudsonicusRed Squirrel----G5S3?
Thryomanes bewickiiBewick's Wren--ST: ThreatenedG5S1?
Toxolasma pullusSavannah Lilliput----G2S1
Trichechus manatusFlorida ManateeLT: ThreatenedSE: EndangeredG2S1S2
Tursiops truncatusBottle-nosed Dolphin----G5S4
Tyto albaBarn-owl----G5S4
Uniomerus carolinianaFlorida Pondhorn----G4S3
Urspelerpes bruceiPatch-nosed Salamander----G1SNR
Ursus americanusBlack Bear----G5S5
Utterbackia imbecillisPaper Pondshell----G5SNR
Vermivora bachmaniiBachman's WarblerLE: EndangeredSE: EndangeredGHSX
Villosa constrictaNotched Rainbow----G3S1
Villosa delumbisEastern Creekshell----G4S4
Villosa vaughanianaCarolina Creekshell----G2S1
Villosa vibexSouthern Rainbow----G5QS2
Zapus hudsoniusMeadow Jumping Mouse----G5S3?
Scientific
Name
Common
Name
Federal
Status
State
Status
Global
Rank
State
Rank
Acer pensylvanicumStriped Maple----G5S2
Aconitum uncinatumBlue Monkshood----G4S2
Aesculus parvifloraSmall-flowered Buckeye----G3S1
Agalinis aphyllaCoastal Plain False-foxglove----G3G4S1
Agalinis auriculataEarleaf Foxglove----G3S1
Agalinis linifoliaFlax Leaf False-foxglove----G4?SNR
Agalinis maritimaSalt-marsh False-foxglove----G5S1
Agalinis tenellaPennell's False Foxglove----G4QSNR
Agarista populifoliaCarolina Dog-hobble----G4G5S1
Agrimonia incisaIncised Groovebur----G3S2
Agrimonia pubescensSoft Groovebur----G5S1
Aletris obovataWhite Colicroot----G4G5S1
Allium cernuumNodding Onion----G5S2
Allium cuthbertiiStriped Garlic----G4S2
Amaranthus pumilusSeabeach AmaranthLT: Threatened--G2S1
Amorpha georgiana var. georgianaGeorgia Leadplant----G3T2S1
Amorpha glabraSmooth Indigobush----G4?S2
Amorpha schweriniiSchwerin Indigobush----G3G4S1
Amphianthus pusillusPool SpriteLT: Threatened--G2S1
Amphicarpum muehlenbergianumBlue Maiden-cane----G4S2S3
Amphicarpum purshiiPinebarrens Peanut-grass----G4SNR
Andropogon brachystachyusShort-spike Bluestem----G4S1
Andropogon gyrans var. stenophyllusElliott's Bluestem----G5T4S1
Andropogon mohriiBroomsedge----G4?S2
Anemone berlandieriSouthern Thimble-weed----G4?S1
Anemone carolinianaCarolina Anemone----G5SH
Aneura maximaAneura----G4?SNR
Anthaenantia rufaPurple Silkyscale----G5S2
Arabis missouriensisMissouri Rock-cress----G5S1
Arethusa bulbosaBog Rose----G5SH
Aristida beyrichianaBeyrich's Three-awn----G5?SNR
Aristida condensataPiedmont Three-awned Grass----G4?S2
Aristida mohriiMohr's Three-awn Grass----G1S1
Aristida spiciformisPine Barren Three-awned Grass----G4S2
Aristolochia macrophyllaPipevine----G5S2
Aristolochia tomentosaWoolly Dutchman's-pipe----G5S1
Arnoglossum muehlenbergiiGreat Indian Plantain----G4S1
Asclepias connivensLarge-flower Milkweed----G4?S1
Asclepias pedicellataSavannah Milkweed----G4S2
Asplenium bradleyiBradley's Spleenwort----G4S1
Asplenium heteroresiliensWagner's Spleenwort----G2S1
Asplenium monanthesSingle-sorus Spleenwort----G4S1
Asplenium pinnatifidumLobed Spleenwort----G4S1
Asplenium resiliensBlack-stem Spleenwort----G5S1
Asplenium rhizophyllumWalking-fern Spleenwort----G5S2
Asplenium trichomanesMaidenhair Spleenwort----G5S2
Astragalus michauxiiSandhills Milkvetch----G3S3
Astragalus villosusBearded Milk-vetch----G4S1
Bacopa cyclophyllaCoastal-plain Water-hyssop----G3G5S1
Balduina atropurpureaPurple Balduina----G2S1
Balduina unifloraOne-flower Balduina----G4S2
Baptisia lanceolataLance-leaf Wild-indigo----G4S3
Betula alleghaniensisYellow Birch----G5S1
Botrychium lunarioidesWinter Grape-fern----G4?S1
Botrychium jenmaniiAlabama Grape-fern----G3G4SNR
Boykinia aconitifoliaBrook Saxifrage----G4S2
Burmannia bifloraNorthern Burmannia----G4G5S2
Calamovilfa brevipilisPine-barrens Reed-grass----G4S1
Calopogon barbatusBearded Grass-pink----G4?S2
Calopogon multiflorusMany-flower Grass-pink----G2G3S1
Camassia scilloidesWild Hyacinth----G4G5S2
Campanulastrum americanumTall Bellflower----G5S1
Canna flaccidaBandana-of-the-everglades----G4?S2
Cardamine dissectaDivided Toothwort----G4?SNR
Cardamine flagelliferaBlue-Ridge Bittercress----G3S2
Carex amphibolaNarrowleaf Sedge----G5SNR
Carex appalachicaAppalachian Sedge----G4S1
Carex austrocarolinianaSouth Carolina Sedge----G4S3
Carex basianthaWidow Sedge----G5S2
Carex biltmoreanaBiltmore Sedge----G3S1
Carex bullataButton Sedge----G5SNR
Carex chapmaniiChapman's Sedge----G3S1
Carex cherokeensisCherokee Sedge----G4G5S2
Carex collinsiiCollins' Sedge----G4S2
Carex communis var. amplisquamaFort Mountain Sedge----G5T3S2
Carex crus-corviRavenfoot Sedge----G5S2
Carex decompositaCypress-knee Sedge----G3G4S2
Carex eburneaEbony Sedge----G5SH
Carex elliottiiElliott's Sedge----G4?S1
Carex folliculataLong Sedge----G5S1
Carex gracilescensSlender Sedge----G5?S1
Carex gracillimaGraceful Sedge----G5S2
Carex granularisMeadow Sedge----G5S2
Carex hyalinolepisShore-line Sedge----G4G5S2
Carex impressinerviaRavine Sedge----G2S1
Carex manhartiiManhart Sedge----G3G4S2
Carex oligocarpaEastern Few-fruit Sedge----G4G5SNR
Carex pedunculataLongstalk Sedge----G5S1
Carex plantagineaPlantain-leaved Sedge----G5S2
Carex prasinaDrooping Sedge----G4S2
Carex projectaNecklace Sedge----G5SH
Carex radfordiiRadford's Sedge----G3S3
Carex scabrataRough Sedge----G5S2
Carex socialisSocial Sedge----G4S1
Carex strictaTussock Sedge----G5S1
Carex woodiiPretty Sedge----G4S1
Carya myristiciformisNutmeg Hickory----G4S2
Castilleja coccineaScarlet Indian-paintbrush----G5S2
Caulophyllum thalictroidesBlue Cohosh----G5S2
Cayaponia quinquelobaCayaponia----G4S1?
Ceratiola ericoidesSandhills Rosemary----G4S1
Chamaedaphne calyculataLeatherleaf----G5SNR
Chasmanthium nitidumShiny Spikegrass----G3G4S1
Cheilolejeunea evansiiEvan's Cheilolejeunea----G1G2S1
Chelone lyoniiPink Turtlehead----G4S2?
Chrysoma pauciflosculosaWoody Goldenrod----G4G5S1S2
Chrysosplenium americanumAmerican Golden-saxifrage----G5S1
Cimicifuga americanaMountain Bugbane----G4SNR
Circaea lutetianaSouthern Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade----G5SNR
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensisEnchanter's Nightshade----G5T5S3
Cladium mariscoidesTwig Rush----G5S1
Cladrastis kentukeaYellowwood----G4S1
Clematis catesbyanaCoastal Virgin's-bower----G4G5SNR
Cliftonia monophyllaBuckwheat-tree----G4G5SH
Collinsonia serotinaSouthern Horse-balm----G3G4S1
Collinsonia verticillataWhorled Horse-balm----G3G4S3
Comptonia peregrinaSweet Fern----G5S1
Convallaria majusculaAmerican Lily-of-the-valley----G4?S1
Coreopsis gladiataSoutheastern Tickseed----G4G5SNR
Coreopsis integrifoliaCiliate-leaf Tickseed----G1G2S1
Coreopsis latifoliaBroad-leaved Tickseed----G3S1
Coreopsis roseaRose Coreopsis----G3S2
Cornus racemosaStiff Dogwood----G5S1?
Croton elliottiiElliott's Croton----G3S2S3
Crotonopsis linearisNarrowleaf Rushfoil----G5SNR
Cuscuta cephalanthiDodder----G5SNR
Cuscuta indecoraDodder----G5SNR
Cynanchum scopariumLeafless Swallow-wort----G4S1
Cyperus distinctusMarshland Flatsedge----G4S1
Cyperus granitophilusGranite-loving Flatsedge----G3G4QS1?
Cyperus leconteiLeconte Flatsedge----G4?S1
Cyperus tetragonusPiedmont Flatsedge----G4?S2
Cypripedium pubescensLarge Yellow Lady's-slipper----G5T5S3
Cystopteris bulbiferaBulblet Fern----G5S1
Cystopteris protrusaLowland Brittle Fern----G5S2
Danthonia epilisBog Oat-grass----G3G4S2
Dasistoma macrophyllaMullein Foxglove----G4S1
Delphinium carolinianumCarolina Larkspur----G5S1
Deschampsia flexuosaCrinkled Hairgrass----G5S1
Dicentra cucullariaDutchman's Breeches----G5S1
Dicentra eximiaWild Bleeding-heart----G4S1
Dicerandra odoratissimaRose Balm----G4G5S1
Dichanthelium aciculareBroomsedge----G5T4T5SNR
Dionaea muscipulaVenus' Fly-trapARS*: Risk, priority--G3S3
Diphylleia cymosaUmbrella-leaf----G4S2
Diplazium pycnocarponGlade Fern----G5S1
Dirca palustrisEastern Leatherwood----G4S2
Dodecatheon meadiaShooting-star----G5S1?
Draba apricaOpen-ground Whitlow-grass----G3S1
Draba reptansCarolina Whitlow-grass----G5S1
Dryopteris carthusianaSpinulose Shield Fern----G5S1
Dryopteris goldianaGoldie's Woodfern----G4G5S1
Dryopteris intermediaEvergreen Woodfern----G5S2
Dyschoriste humistrataSwamp Dyschoriste----G4G5SH
Echinacea laevigataSmooth ConeflowerLE: Endangered--G2G3S3
Echinodorus tenellusDwarf Burhead----G5?S2
Eleocharis palustrisSpike-rush----G5S1?
Eleocharis robbinsiiRobbins Spikerush----G4G5S2
Eleocharis rostellataBeaked Spikerush----G5SNR
Eleocharis tricostataThree-angle Spikerush----G4S2?
Eleocharis viviparaViviparous Spike-rush----G5S1
Elliottia racemosaGeorgia Plume----G2G3SX
Elymus ripariusWild-rye----G5SNR
Enemion biternatumFalse Rue-anemone----G5S1
Epidendrum conopseumGreen-fly Orchid----G4S3?
Eriocaulon raveneliiRavenel's Pipewort----G3G4SX
Eriocaulon texenseTexas Pipewort----G4S1
Eriochloa michauxiiLongleaf Cupgrass----G3G4S1
Eryngium aquaticum var. raveneliiRavenel's Eryngo----G4T2T3S1
Euonymus atropurpureusEastern Wahoo----G5S1
Eupatorium anomalumFlorida Thorough-wort----G2G3S1?
Eupatorium fistulosumHollow Joe-pye Weed----G5?SNR
Eupatorium leptophyllumLimesink Dog-fennel----G4G5SNR
Eupatorium paludicolaBay Boneset----G2S1
Eupatorium recurvansCoastal-plain Thorough-wort----G3G4QS1?
Eupatorium resinosumPine Barrens Boneset----G3S1
Eupatorium scabridumRough Thoroughwort----G5T3T5S1
Eupatorium sessilifolium var. vaseyiThoroughwort----G5T3T5SNR
Eurybia avitaAlexander's Rock Aster----G3S1
Eurybia spectabilisShowy Aster----G5SNR
Fimbristylis perpusillaHarper's Fimbry----G2S2
Fimbristylis vahliiVahl Fimbry----G5S1
Forestiera godfreyiGodfrey's Privet----G2S1
Forestiera ligustrinaUpland Swamp Privet----G4G5S2
Forestiera segregataSouthern Privet----G4S1
Fothergilla majorMountain Witch-alder----G3S2
Frasera caroliniensisColumbo----G5S2
Galactia elliottiiElliott's Milkpea----G5S1
Galearis spectabilisShowy Orchis----G5S3
Gaultheria procumbensTeaberry----G5S3
Gaura biennisBiennial Gaura----G5S1
Gaylussacia baccataBlack Huckleberry----G5S1
Gaylussacia mosieriWoolly Huckleberry----G4S1
Gentiana autumnalisPine Barren Gentian----G3S2
Gymnoderma lineareRocky Gnome LichenLE: Endangered--G3S1
Habenaria quinquesetaLong-horn Orchid----G4G5S1
Hackelia virginianaVirginia Stickseed----G5S1
Halesia dipteraTwo-wing Silverbell----G5S1
Halesia parvifloraSmall-flowered Silverbell-tree----GNRS2
Helenium brevifoliumShortleaf Sneezeweed----G4S1
Helenium pinnatifidumSoutheastern Sneezeweed----G4S2
Helianthemum georgianumGeorgia Frostweed----G4S2
Helianthus eggertiiEggert's Sunflower----G3S1
Helianthus glaucophyllusWhite-leaved Sunflower----G3G4S2
Helianthus laevigatusSmooth Sunflower----G4S2
Helianthus porteriPorter's Goldeneye----G4S1
Helianthus schweinitziiSchweinitz's SunflowerLE: Endangered--G3S3
Helonias bullataSwamp-pinkLT: Threatened--G3S1
Hepatica nobilis var. acutaLiverleaf----G5T5S3
Heteranthera reniformisKidneyleaf Mud-plantain----G5S1
Heuchera parvifloraLittle-leaved Alumroot----G4S2
Hexastylis nanifloraDwarf-flowered HeartleafLT: Threatened--G3S3
Hexastylis sorrieiSandhills Heartleaf----G1G2S1
Hottonia inflataFeatherfoil----G4S1
Hudsonia ericoidesGolden-heather----G4S1
Hydrangea cinereaAshy-hydrangea----G4S1
Hydrocotyle americanaAmerican Water-pennywort----G5S1
Hydrolea corymbosaCorymb Fiddleleaf----G5S1
Hydrophyllum canadenseBlunt-leaf Waterleaf----G5S2
Hymenocallis coronariaShoals Spider-lily----G3?S2
Hymenocallis pygmaeaPygmy Spiderlily----G1G2QSNR
Hymenophyllum tayloriaeTaylor's Fern----G2S1
Hymenophyllum tunbrigenseTunbridge Fern----G4G5S1
Hypericum adpressumCreeping St. John's-wort----G3S2
Hypericum buckleiiBlue Ridge St. John's-wort----G3S1
Hypericum harperiHarper's St. John's-wort----G3G4S2
Hypericum nitidumCarolina St. John's-wort----G4S1
Ilex amelanchierSarvis Holly----G4S3
Impatiens pallidaPale Jewel-weed----G5S1
Ipomoea macrorhizaLarge-stem Morning-glory----G3G5S1
Ipomoea stoloniferaBeach Morning-glory----G5?SNR
Ipomopsis rubraRed Standing-cypress----G4G5S2
Iris hexagonaWalter's Iris----G4G5S1
Isoetes carolinianaEngelmann's Quillwort----G3QS1
Isoetes hyemalisWinter Quillwort----G2G3S1
Isoetes melanosporaBlack-spored QuillwortLE: Endangered--G1S1
Isoetes piedmontanaPiedmont Quillwort----G4S2
Isoetes ripariaRiver Bank Quillwort----G5S2
Isotria medeoloidesSmall Whorled PogoniaLT: Threatened--G2?S2
Juglans cinereaButternut----G4S3
Juncus abortivusPinebarren Rush----G4G5S2
Juncus georgianusGeorgia Rush----G4S2
Juncus gymnocarpusNaked-fruited Rush----G4S3
Juncus subcaudatusWoods-rush----G5S1
Jungermannia fossombronioidesJungermannia----G4SNR
Juniperus communisGround Juniper----G5SNR
Juniperus communis var. depressaDwarf Juniper----G5T5S1
Kalmia cuneataWhite-wicky----G3S2
Krigia montanaFalse Dandelion----G3S2
Lachnocaulon beyrichianumSouthern Bog-button----G4S2
Lachnocaulon minusSmall's Bog Button----G3G4S1
Lechea torreyiPiedmont Pinweed----G4SNR
Lepuropetalon spathulatumSouthern Lepuropetalon----G4G5S2
Liatris bracteataBracted Gayfeather----G2G3SNA
Liatris gracilisSlender Gayfeather----G5S1
Liatris microcephalaSmall-head Gayfeather----G3G4S1
Licania michauxiiGopher-apple----G4G5S1
Lilaeopsis carolinensisCarolina Lilaeopsis----G3G5S2
Lilium canadenseCanada Lily----G5S1
Lilium pyrophilumSandhills LilyARS*: Risk, priority--G2S1
Lindera melissifoliaPondberryLE: Endangered--G3S2
Lindera subcoriaceaBog Spicebush----G3S3
Liparis liliifoliaLarge Twayblade----G5S1
Lipocarpha micranthaDwarf Bulrush----G5S2
Listera australisSouthern Twayblade----G4S2
Listera smalliiKidney-leaf Twayblade----G4S1
Lithospermum tuberosumTuberous Gromwell----G4S1
Litsea aestivalisPondspice----G3?S3
Lobelia boykiniiBoykin's Lobelia----G2G3S3
Lobelia sp. 1Lobelia----G3SNR
Lonicera flavaYellow Honeysuckle----G5?S2
Lophocolea appalachianaAppalachian Lophocolea----G1G2QS1
Ludwigia brevipesLong Beach Seedbox----G2G3S1
Ludwigia lanceolataLance-leaf Seedbox----G3S1
Ludwigia linifoliaSoutheastern Seedbox----G4S2
Ludwigia raveniiRaven's Seedbox----G1G2S1
Ludwigia spathulataSpatulate Seedbox----G2S2
Lycopodium clavatumRunning Pine----G5S1
Lycopodium porophilumRock Clubmoss----G4S1
Lycopodium tristachyumDeep-root Clubmoss----G5S1
Lycopus cokeriCarolina Bugleweed----G3S2
Lygodium palmatumClimbing Fern----G4S3
Lyonia ferrugineaRusty Lyonia----G5S1
Lysimachia asperulifoliaRough-leaved LoosestrifeLE: Endangered--G3S1
Lysimachia fraseriFraser Loosestrife----G3S3
Lysimachia hybridaLance-leaf Loosestrife----G5S1
Macbridea carolinianaCarolina Bird-in-a-nest----G2G3S3
Magnolia cordataPiedmont Cucumber Tree----GNRQS1
Magnolia macrophyllaBigleaf Magnolia----G5S1
Magnolia pyramidataPyramid Magnolia----G4S1
Malaxis spicataFlorida Adder's-mouth----G4?S1S2
Melanthium virginicumVirginia Bunchflower----G5S2
Melanthium woodiiOzark Bunchflower----G5S1
Menispermum canadenseCanada Moonseed----G5S2S3
Minuartia godfreyiGodfrey's Stitchwort----G1SX
Minuartia unifloraOne-flower Stitchwort----G4S3
Mitella diphyllaTwo-leaf Bishop's-cap----G5S1
Monarda didymaOswego Tea----G5S2
Monotropsis odorataSweet Pinesap----G3S2
Muhlenbergia filipesBentgrass----G5T5?S3S4
Myriophyllum laxumPiedmont Water-milfoil----G3S2
Najas flexilisSlender Naiad----G5S1
Narthecium americanumBog AsphodelARS*: Risk, priority--G2SH
Nestronia umbellulaNestronia----G4S3
Nolina georgianaGeorgia Beargrass----G3G5S3
Nuphar sagittifoliaNarrowleaf Pondlily----G5T2S2
Nyssa ogecheOgeechee Tupelo----G4G5S1
Oenothera linifoliaThread-leaf Sundrops----G5S1
Oenothera perennisSmall Sundrops----G5S1
Ophioglossum petiolatumLongstem Adder's-tongue Fern----G5S1
Ophioglossum vulgatumAdder's-tongue----G5S2
Orbexilum lupinellumSampson Snakeroot----G3G4S1
Orobanche unifloraOne-flowered Broomrape----G5S2
Osmorhiza claytoniiHairy Sweet-cicely----G5S2
Oxypolis canbyiCanby's DropwortLE: Endangered--G2S2
Oxypolis ternataPiedmont Cowbane----G3S1
Pachysandra procumbensAllegheny-spurge----G4G5S2
Panax quinquefoliusAmerican Ginseng----G3G4S4
Panicum neuranthumGrisebach's Panic Grass----G5T3SNR
Panicum tenerumSoutheastern Panic Grass----G4SNR
Panicum webberianumA Panicgrass----GNRSNR
Parnassia asarifoliaKidneyleaf Grass-of-parnassus----G4S2
Parnassia carolinianaCarolina Grass-of-parnassus----G3S2
Parnassia grandifoliaLarge-leaved Grass-of-parnassus----G3S2
Paronychia americanaAmerican Nailwort----G3G4SNR
Paspalum bifidumBead-grass----G5S2
Pellaea atropurpureaPurple-stem Cliff-brake----G5S1
Pellaea wrightianaCliff-brake Fern----G5S1
Pellia appalachianaAppalachian Pellia----G4S1
Peltandra sagittifoliaSpoon-flower----G3G4S2
Phacelia bipinnatifidaFernleaf Phacelia----G5S1
Phacelia purshiiMiami-mist----G5SNR
Philadelphus hirsutusStreambank Mock-orange----G5S2
Physostegia leptophyllaSlender-leaved Dragon-head----G4?SNR
Pieris phillyreifoliaClimbing Fetter-bush----G3S1
Pilea fontanaSprings Clearweed----G5SNR
Pinckneya pubensHairy Fever-tree----G4S1
Pityopsis pinifoliaPine-leaved Golden Aster----G4S2
Plagiochila caducilobaGorge Leafy Liverwort----G3S1
Plagiochila sullivantiiSullivant's Leafy Liverwort----G2SNR
Plagiomnium carolinianumMountain Wavy-leaf Moss----G3S1
Plantago sparsifloraPineland Plantain----G3S2
Platanthera integraYellow Fringeless Orchid----G3G4S1
Platanthera integrilabiaWhite Fringeless OrchidLT: Threatened--G2G3S1
Platanthera laceraGreen-fringe Orchis----G5S2
Platanthera niveaSnowy Orchid----G5SNR
Platanthera peramoenaPurple Fringeless Orchid----G5SX
Pleea tenuifoliaRush False-asphodel----G4SX
Poa alsodesBlue-grass----G4G5S1?
Polygala hookeriHooker's Milkwort----G3S1
Polygala nanaDwarf Milkwort----G5S1
Polygala paucifoliaGay-wing Milkwort----G5S2
Ponthieva racemosaShadow-witch Orchid----G4G5S2
Porella japonica ssp. appalachianaa liverwort----G5?T1S1
Portulaca smalliiSmall's Purslane----G3S1?
Portulaca umbraticolaWing-podded Purslane----G5S1
Potamogeton confervoidesAlgae-like Pondweed----G4S1
Potamogeton foliosusLeafy Pondweed----G5SNR
Prunus alabamensisAlabama Black Cherry----G4S1
Psilotum nudumWhisk Fern----G5S1
Pteroglossaspis ecristataCrestless Plume Orchid----G2G3S2
Ptilimnium ahlesiiCarolina Bishopweed----G1S1
Ptilimnium nodosumHarperellaLE: Endangered--G2S1
Pycnanthemum montanumSingle-haired Mountain-mint----G3G5S3
Pycnanthemum nudumPinelands Mountain Mint----G5?S1
Pyxidanthera barbulataWell's Pyxie Moss----G4S2
Pyxidanthera brevifoliaWell's Pixie-moss----G3S1
Quercus austrinaBluff Oak----G4?S1
Quercus bicolorSwamp White Oak----G5S1
Quercus georgianaGeorgia Oak----G3S1
Quercus myrtifoliaMyrtle-leaf Oak----G5S1
Quercus oglethorpensisOglethorpe's Oak----G3S3
Quercus similisBottom-land Post Oak----G4S1
Quercus sinuataDurand's White Oak----G4G5S2
Ranunculus fascicularisEarly Buttercup----G5S1
Ratibida pinnataGray-head Prairie Coneflower----G5S1
Rhapidophyllum hystrixNeedle Palm----G4S1
Rhexia aristosaAwned Meadowbeauty----G3G4S3
Rhexia cubensisWest Indian Meadow-beauty----G4G5S1
Rhizomnium appalachianumLarge-leaved Mnium----G5SNR
Rhododendron catawbienseCatawba Rhododendron----G5S1
Rhododendron eastmaniiMay White----G2S2
Rhododendron flammeumPiedmont Azalea----G3S3
Rhus michauxiiMichaux's SumacLE: Endangered--G2G3SX
Rhynchospora albaWhite Beakrush----G5S1
Rhynchospora brevisetaShort-bristle Baldrush----G3G4S1
Rhynchospora careyanaHorned Beakrush----G4?QS3
Rhynchospora cephalantha var. attenuataPocosin Beaksedge----G5T3?S1
Rhynchospora globularis var. pinetorumBeakrush----G5?T3?S1
Rhynchospora harperiHarper Beakrush----G4?S1
Rhynchospora inundataDrowned Hornedrush----G4?S2?
Rhynchospora leptocarpaNarrow-fruited Beaksedge----G3S1
Rhynchospora macraBeak Rush----G3S1
Rhynchospora oliganthaFew-flowered Beaked-rush----G4S2
Rhynchospora pallidaPale Beakrush----G3S1
Rhynchospora pleianthaBrown Beaked-rush----G2G3S1
Rhynchospora scirpoidesLong-beaked Baldrush----G4S1
Rhynchospora stenophyllaChapman Beakrush----G4S2
Rhynchospora thorneiThorne's Beakrush----G3S1
Rhynchospora tracyiTracy Beakrush----G4S3
Ribes echinellumMiccosukee GooseberryLT: Threatened--G1S1
Rorippa sessilifloraStalkless Yellowcress----G5SNR
Rudbeckia heliopsidisSun-facing Coneflower----G2S1S2
Rudbeckia mollisSoft-hair Coneflower----G3G5S1
Ruellia caroliniensis ssp. ciliosaSandhills Wild Petunia----G5T3T5S1
Ruellia pedunculata ssp. pinetorumStalked Wild Petunia----G5T3T4SH
Ruellia strepensLimestone Petunia----G4G5S1
Sabatia bartramiiBartram's Rose-gentian----G4G5S1
Sabatia kennedyanaPlymouth Gentian----G3S2
Sageretia minutifloraTiny-leaved Buckthorn----G4S3
Sagittaria fasciculataBunched ArrowheadLE: Endangered--G2S2
Sagittaria graminea var. weatherbianaGrassleaf Arrowhead----G5T3T4S1
Sagittaria isoetiformisSlender Arrow-head----G4?S3
Sanguisorba canadensisCanada Burnet----G5S1
Sanicula trifoliataLarge-fruited Sanicle----G4S1
Sarracenia flavaYellow Pitcherplant----G5?S3S4
Sarracenia minorHooded Pitcherplant----G4S3S4
Sarracenia purpureaNorthern Pitcherplant----G5S3S4
Sarracenia purpurea var. montanaSouthern Appalachian Purple Pitcherplant----G5T1T3SNR
Sarracenia rubraSweet Pitcher-plant----G4S3S4
Sarracenia rubra ssp. jonesiiMountain Sweet Pitcher-plantLE: Endangered--G4T2S1S2
Saxifraga careyanaCarey Saxifrage----G3S1
Saxifraga micranthidifoliaLettuce-leaf Saxifrage----G5S2
Schisandra glabraBay Starvine----G3S1
Schoenolirion croceumYellow Sunnybell----G4S1
Schoenoplectus erectus ssp. raynaliiSharp-scale Bulrush----G4G5T4T5SNR
Schoenoplectus halliiHall's Bulrush----G2G3SNR
Schwalbea americanaChaffseedLE: Endangered--G2G3S2
Scirpus cespitosus var. callosusTussock Bulrush----G5TNRSNR
Scirpus etuberculatusCanby Bulrush----G3G4SNR
Scirpus subterminalisWater Bulrush----G5SNR
Scleria baldwiniiBaldwin Nutrush----G4S2
Scleria reticularisReticulated Nutrush----G4S1
Scleria verticillataSavanna Nutrush----G5SNR
Scutellaria nervosaVeined Skullcap----G5SNR
Scutellaria parvulaSmall Skullcap----G4S2S3
Sedum pusillumGranite Rock Stonecrop----G3S2
Senecio millefoliumPiedmont Ragwort----G3S2
Shortia galacifoliaOconee-bells----G3S3
Sideroxylon lanuginosumGum Bumelia----G4G5S1
Sideroxylon reclinatumGum Bully----G4G5S1
Silene ovataOvate Catchfly----G3S1
Silphium terebinthinaceumPrairie Rosinweed----G4G5S1
Sisyrinchium dichotomumReflexed Blue-eyed GrassLE: Endangered--G2S1
Smilax biltmoreanaBiltmore Greenbrier----G4S2
Solidago auriculataEared Goldenrod----G4S1
Solidago bicolorWhite Goldenrod----G5S2
Solidago ptarmicoidesPrairie Goldenrod----G5SNR
Solidago pulchraCarolina Goldenrod----G3S1
Solidago rigidaPrairie Goldenrod----G5S1
Solidago vernaSpring-flowering Goldenrod----G3S2
Spiranthes laciniataLace-lip Ladies'-tresses----G4G5S1S2
Spiranthes longilabrisGiant Spiral Ladies'-tresses----G3S1
Sporobolus curtissiiPineland Dropseed----G3S1
Sporobolus floridanusFlorida Dropseed----G3S1
Sporobolus pinetorumCarolina Dropseed----G3S2
Sporobolus teretifoliusWire-leaved Dropseed----G2S1
Stachys carolinianaCarolina hedge-nettle----G1S1
Stachys clingmaniiClingman's Hedge-nettle----G2S1
Stachys latidensBroad-toothed Hedge-nettle----G4G5S2
Stachys tenuifoliaSmooth Hedge-nettle----G5S1
Stewartia ovataMountain Camellia----G4S2
Stillingia aquaticaCorkwood----G4G5S2
Stylisma pickeringii var. pickeringiiPickering's Morning-glory----G4T3S1
Symphyotrichum elliotiiElliott's Aster----G4S3
Symphyotrichum georgianumGeorgia AsterARS*: Risk, priority--G3SNR
Symphyotrichum laeveSmooth Blue Aster----G5SNR
Symphyotrichum novae-angliaeNew England Aster----G5SNR
Syngonanthus flavidulusYellow Pipewort----G5S2
Thalia dealbataPowdery Thalia----G4S2
Thalictrum subrotundumReclined Meadow-rue----GUQS1S2
Thelypteris ovata var. ovataOvate Marsh Fern----G3G5T3T4S1
Thermopsis mollisSoft-haired Thermopsis----G4?S1
Tiarella cordifolia var. cordifoliaHeart-leaved Foam Flower----G5T5S2
Tofieldia glabraWhite False-asphodel----G4S1S2
Torreyochloa pallidaPale Manna Grass----G5S1
Tradescantia virginianaVirginia Spiderwort----G5S1
Trautvetteria caroliniensisCarolina Tassel-rue----G5S3
Trepocarpus aethusaeAethusa-like Trepocarpus----G4G5S1
Trichomanes boschianumBristle-fern----G4S1
Trichomanes petersiiDwarf Filmy-fern----G4G5S2
Trichophorum cespitosumDeer-haired Bulrush----G5S1
Trichostema sp. 1Dune Bluecurls----G2SNR
Tridens carolinianusCarolina Fluff Grass----G3G4S1
Tridens chapmaniiChapman's Redtop----G5T3S1
Tridens strictusLong-spike Fluff Grass----G5S1
Trillium discolorFaded Trillium----G4S4
Trillium grandiflorumLarge-flower Trillium----G5S1
Trillium lancifoliumNarrow-leaved Trillium----G3S1
Trillium oostingiiWateree Trillium----G1S1
Trillium persistensPersistent TrilliumLE: Endangered--G1G2S1
Trillium pusillum var. pusillumLeast Trillium----G3T2QS1
Trillium reliquumRelict TrilliumLE: Endangered--G3S1
Trillium rugeliiSouthern Nodding Trillium----G3S2
Trillium simileSweet White Trillium----G3S1S2
Trillium undulatumPainted Trillium----G5S2
Triphora trianthophoraNodding Pogonia----G3G4S2
Tsuga carolinianaCarolina Hemlock----G3SNR
Urtica chamaedryoidesWeak Nettle----G4G5S2
Utricularia floridanaFlorida Bladderwort----G3G5S2
Utricularia macrorhizaGreater Bladderwort----G5S1
Utricularia olivaceaPiedmont Bladderwort----G4S2
Vaccinium crassifolium ssp. sempervirensRayner's Blueberry----G4G5T1S1
Vallisneria americanaEel-grass----G5S1
Verbena simplexNarrow-leaved Vervain----G5S1
Veronicastrum virginicumCulver's-root----G4S1
Viola conspersaAmerican Bog Violet----G5S1
Viola pubescens var. leiocarponYellow Violet----G5T5S2
Viola tripartitaThree-parted Violet----G5SNR
Viola tripartita var. glaberrimaSmooth Three-parted Violet----G5T3?S1
Viola tripartita var. tripartitaThree-parted Violet----G5T3S3
Waldsteinia lobataPiedmont Strawberry----G3S3
Warea cuneifoliaNuttall Warea----G4S1
Xerophyllum asphodeloidesEastern Turkeybeard----G4S2
Xyris brevifoliaShort-leaved Yellow-eyed Grass----G4G5S1
Xyris chapmaniiChapman's Yellow-eyed Grass----G3S1
Xyris difformis var. floridanaFlorida Yellow-eyed Grass----G5T4T5S2
Xyris elliottiiElliott Yellow-eyed Grass----G4S2
Xyris flabelliformisSavannah Yellow-eyed Grass----G4S1
Xyris scabrifoliaHarper's Yellow-eyed Grass----G3S1
Xyris serotinaAcid-swamp Yellow-eyed Grass----G3G4S1
Xyris strictaPineland Yellow-eyed Grass----G4S1
Xyris tortaTwisted Yellow-eyed-grass----G5S1
Zephyranthes simpsoniiRain Lily----G2G3S1?

Over four hundred 'association-level' natural communities, based on observed patterns of association among native plant species, are believed to occur in the state. Any natural community may be tracked by Heritage Trust, provided the community is a rare type or an exceptionally high-quality example of a more common type. Communities are listed and described in detail at the NatureServe website:

For additional information about rare, threatened, and endangered species or questions about these lists, please contact Katherine Boyle.

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