Hydrology - Water Resources Report 24

Ground-Water Resources of Kershaw County, South Carolina

Roy Newcome, Jr.


Kershaw County, S.C., has adequate ground water for considerable growth in the public, industrial, and irrigation supplies that rely on that resource. The county has a surface-water source in Lake Wateree, which supplies the towns of Camden, Lugoff, and Elgin. The ground water is thus mostly left for development by industries, farm irrigators, and the normal rural domestic users.

Aquifers in the county are of two basic types: 1) Paleozoic bedrock in the northwestern quarter of the county where the water occurs in fissures and generally supports only low-yielding wells; and 2) Cretaceous sand beds in the Coastal Plain formation (Middendorf) that thickens from 0 at the Fall Line to 350 feet at the southeast border. Wells in the latter can produce several hundred gallons per minute where the sand beds are of adequate thickness.

Water quality is usually good, both in the bedrock wells and the sand wells, although it is of different types. Water from rock wells is more mineralized and harder, with a near-neutral pH. The sand-aquifer water is remarkable in its similarity to rainwater – very soft and low mineralization and with low pH.

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Paper or electronic versions of this report are available from the SCDNR's Columbia office.