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** Archived Article - please check for current information. **

August 18, 2015State antler records down slightly this year

The most recent round of white-tailed deer antler measuring conducted by the S.C. Department of Natural Resources revealed 176 new records, including one Boone and Crockett qualifier.

Each spring S.C. Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Wildlife Section personnel make a concerted effort to measure deer racks throughout the state, with a major session during the Palmetto Sportsmen's Classic in Columbia. Of the 507 sets of antlers measured this spring, 176 met the minimum score for entry on the state records list including 167 sets of typical and nine non-typical racks, according to Charles Ruth, Deer/Wild Turkey Program coordinator for DNR. Although all of the records were not taken during the 2014 season, 138 were taken during the 2013 or 2014 season. Racks must score a minimum of 125 points typical or 145 points non-typical to qualify for the South Carolina state records list. Records are based on the Boone and Crockett Club scoring system, which measures the mass and symmetry of deer antlers in two categories—typical and non-typical.

The top typical buck was a 166 6/8 inch buck taken by Danny Dillard in Anderson County in October. Dillard's buck qualifies for the Boone and Crockett Club's Three Year Awards Period List and ranks 11 among South Carolina's all-time typical deer. The second highest scoring typical was a 154 4/8 inch Oconee County buck taken by Jeremy Wirtz last December. Netting 156 3/8 points, the top scoring non-typical buck was taken by Derik Still in Aiken County last October.

South Carolina's deer herd is in good condition, and after many years of rapid population growth the herd stabilized in the mid-1990s followed by a decreasing trend since about 2002, according to Ruth. Statewide population estimates put the deer herd at about 730,000 animals with an estimated harvest of approximately 215,000 each of the last few years. Although the total deer harvest in South Carolina has trended down, indications from the antler records program are that deer quality remains good. This would make sense because fewer deer in the population would benefit from increased nutrition.

Aiken County was this years' top producer of State Record entries with 15 followed by Orangeburg (12), Spartanburg (10), and Florence, Horry, and Pickens counties each with seven entries.

Although some of the top counties have relatively high deer populations, some of these counties have more moderate numbers. It is important that hunters and land managers understand how the density of deer in an area affects the quality of the animals. Areas with fewer deer typically have better quality animals because natural food availability and nutritional quality is higher. Good nutrition is important in producing good antlers, but deer reproduction, recruitment and survival are also directly tied to nutrition.

As far as all-time leaders at the county level, Orangeburg County remains at the top with 469 sets of antlers on the list. Rounding out the top five counties Orangeburg is followed by Aiken 450, Fairfield 267, Anderson 252, and Colleton with 248. On the other hand, if you account for the size of the county the top counties per unit area of harvest are Anderson, Abbeville, Orangeburg, Aiken, and Allendale.

South Carolina hunters should recognize that harvesting potential Boone and Crockett bucks is not a common occurrence anywhere in the country. This is particularly evident if you consider that there are only about 14,000 white-tailed deer records listed by Boone and Crockett, which includes entries dating to the 1800s. Similarly, the harvest of deer in the United States in recent years has been about 6 million per year. Essentially, the average hunter stands a better chance of being struck by lightning than harvesting one of these record deer. As for the South Carolina Antler Records List, about one in every 800 bucks harvested makes the State Book.

Currently 6,565 sets of antlers (6,314 typical and 251 non-typical) are included on the South Carolina antler records list. Results of DNR's Antler Records Program for 2015 is available on the DNR website.

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