South Carolina Breeding Bird Atlas


Indigo BuntingAlthough South Carolina has a long history of ornithological survey, dating back to the colonial era, much of this work was concentrated in the coastal zone and sporadic in nature. Large portions of South Carolina, especially the interior of the state, have never had an adequate natural history survey.

The Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) Project was designed to increase our knowledge of the states's breeding bird distribution and status through systematic surveys over a fixed period of time. The Atlas Project was patterned after similar surveys conducted in other states. One-sixth of a seven-and-a-half-minute USGS topographic quadrangle map, an area of about ten square miles, was the survey unit. Nearly all survey blocks were surveyed by volunteers, but unlike many states which had large numbers of volunteers, South Carolina had relatively few observers qualified to identify birds in the field by sight and sound. We were therefore only able to conduct a limited survey and used one block of every other quadrangle map as the survey unit. Breeding criteria, based on field observations, were similar to those in other states and grouped into 3 main catergories: possible, probable, and confirmed breeding. In order to get the best picture of a species' breeding range, we also used random observations ("casual observations") and information reported in the literature ("literature note"), mainly the Chat, the quarterly bulletin of the Carolina Bird Club, and unpublished field notes of various observers. Unpublished field notes and literature notes were used dating back to 1965, while casual observations were used during the same time period as the Atlas survey. Like most other states, we intended for the South Carolina BBA to be completed in 5 years. 1989 was the first full year of coverage, as 1988 got off to a late start and was used as a "trial run", but we had to extend coverage through 1994 and 1995 in order to finish all assigned blocks.

Because of restricted coverage, the South Carolina BBA did not effectively survey the breeding distribution of certain species such as Bald Eagles, Red-cockaded Woodpeckers, and other endangered and threatened birds, nor colonial-nesting wading birds or shorebirds. For information on the breeding status and ranges of the latter two groups, see Dodd, M.G., and T.M. Murphy. 1997. The status and distribution of wading birds in South Carolina, 1988-1996. Chat 61(3): 129-181 and Wilkinson, P.M. 1997. Survey and census of colonial nesting seabirds in South Carolina. Chat 61(4): 233-259.

Because of space limitations, it is not possible to acknowledge the more than 175 volunteers here who contributed to the South Carolina BBA. However, we would like to recognize those individuals who surveyed five or more Atlas blocks: Robin Carter, Dennis Forsythe, Lex Glover, Tim Kalbach, Tom Nicolls, Perry Nugent, Bill Pulliam, and Peter Worthington. Katherine Boyle of the SC Department of Natural Resources also deserves special recognition for her dedication and software skills that made the final product possible.

Funding for the South Carolina Breeding Bird Atlas Project was made possible by the Endangered Wildlife Fund (formerly the Check for Wildlife), the Harry Hampton Memorial Wildlife Fund, the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, the Robert W. Woodruff Foundation, and the US Fish and Wildlife Service's Pittman-Robertson Grant-in-Aid Program.

For more information email Amy Tegeler.

The names below will take you to see the Atlas maps

Acadian Flycatcher
American Coot
American Crow
American Goldfinch
American Kestrel
American Redstart
American Robin
American Woodcock
Bachman's Sparrow
Baltimore Oriole
Barn Owl
Barn Swallow
Barred Owl
Belted Kingfisher
Black Rail
Black Vulture
Black-and-white Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler
Black-throated Green Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler
Blue Grosbeak
Blue Jay
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Blue-headed Vireo
Blue-winged Teal
Blue-winged Warbler
Boat-tailed Grackle
Broad-winged Hawk
Brown Thrasher
Brown-headed Cowbird
Brown-headed Nuthatch
Canada Goose
Carolina Chickadee
Carolina Wren
Cedar Waxwing
Cerulean Warbler
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Chimney Swift
Chipping Sparrow
Clapper Rail
Cliff Swallow
Common Grackle
Common Ground-Dove
Common Moorhen
Common Nighthawk
Common Raven
Common Yellowthroat
Cooper's Hawk
Dark-eyed Junco
Downy Woodpecker
Eastern Bluebird
Eastern Kingbird
Eastern Meadowlark
Eastern Phoebe
Eastern Screech-Owl
Eastern Towhee
Eastern Wood-Pewee
Eurasian Collared-Dove
European Starling
Field Sparrow
Fish Crow
Golden-crowned Kinglet
Grasshopper Sparrow
Gray Catbird
Gray Kingbird
Great Crested Flycatcher
Great Horned Owl
Green Heron
Hairy Woodpecker
Hooded Merganser
Hooded Warbler
Horned Lark
House Finch
House Sparrow
House Wren
Indigo Bunting
Kentucky Warbler
King Rail
Lark Sparrow
Least Bittern
Loggerhead Shrike
Louisiana Waterthrush
Marsh Wren
Mississippi Kite
Monk Parakeet
Mottled Duck
Mourning Dove
Northern Bobwhite
Northern Cardinal
Northern Flicker
Northern Mockingbird
Northern Parula
Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Orchard Oriole
Painted Bunting
Peregrine Falcon
Pied-billed Grebe
Pileated Woodpecker
Pine Warbler
Prairie Warbler
Prothonotary Warbler
Purple Gallinule
Purple Martin
Red Crossbill
Red-bellied Woodpecker
Red-breasted Merganser
Red-breasted Nuthatch
Red-cockaded Woodpecker
Red-eyed Vireo
Red-headed Woodpecker
Red-shouldered Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk
Red-winged Blackbird
Ringed Turtle-Dove
Rock Dove
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Ruffed Grouse
Scarlet Tanager
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
Seaside Sparrow
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Song Sparrow
Summer Tanager
Swainson's Warbler
Swallow-tailed Kite
Tufted Titmouse
Turkey Vulture
Warbling Vireo
White-breasted Nuthatch
White-eyed Vireo
Wild Turkey
Willow Flycatcher
Wood Duck
Wood Thrush
Worm-eating Warbler
Yellow Warbler
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Yellow-breasted Chat
Yellow-throated Vireo
Yellow-throated Warbler