The South Atlantic Bight
Octocoral Morphology

Gorgonacean Bauplan

List of Species

published version (DeVictor & Morton, Zootaxa 2599)
see this for keys

Occurrence Table

Notes on the Species
Carijoa riisei
Scleranthelia rugosa
Telesto fruticulosa
Telesto nelleae
Telesto sanguinea
Bellonella rubistella
Pseudodrifa nigra
Nidalia occidentalis
Iciligorgia schrammi
Diodogorgia nodulifera
Titanideum frauenfeldii
Muricea pendula
Thesea nivea
Bebryce cinerea
Bebryce parastellata
Scleracis guadalupensis
Leptogorgia hebes
Leptogorgia punicea
Leptogorgia cardinalis
Leptogorgia virgulata
Leptogorgia setacea
Leptogorgia euryale
Viminella barbadensis
Renilla reniformis
Sclerobelemnon theseus
Stylatula elegans
Virgularia presbytes

References Cited

Suggested Reading/Viewing


References Cited

Bayer FM (1954) Anthozoa: Alcyonaria . In: Galtsoff PS (ed) Gulf of Mexico: its origin, waters and marine life. Fishery Bulletin 89. p 279-284

Bayer FM (1959a) A review of the gorgonacean genus Placogorgia Studer, with a description of Placogorgia tribuloides, a new species from the Straits of Florida. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 49(2): 54-61.

Bayer FM (1959b) Octocorals from Suriname and the adjacent coasts of South America. Studies on the Fauna of Suriname and other Guyanas 3(6):1-43

Bayer FM (1961) The shallow-water Octocorallia of the West Indian region. A manual for marine biologists. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands 12:1-373

Bayer FM (1981a) Key to the genera of Octocorallia exclusive of Pennatulacea (Coelenterata: Anthozoa), with diagnoses of new taxa. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 94:902-947

Bayer FM (1981b) On some genera of stoloniferous octocorals (Coelenterata: Anthozoa), with descriptions of new taxa. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 94:878-901

Bayer FM, Grasshoff M, Verseveldt J (1983) Illustrated Trilingual Glossary of Morphological and Anatomical Terms Applied to Octocorallia. E.J. Brill/Dr. W. Backhuys, Leiden

Cairns, Stephen (1977) Guide to the commoner shallow-water gorgonians (sea whips, sea feathers, and sea fans) of Florida, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean region. University of Miami, Miami, Florida.1-74

Daly, M, Brugler, M.R., Cartwright, P., Collins, A.G., Dawson, M.N., Fautin, D.G., France, S.C., McFadden, C.S., Opresko, M.N., Rodriguez, E., Romano, S.L., Stake, J.L.(2007) The phylum Cnidaria: a review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. & Shear, W.A. (Eds.) Linnaeus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa 1668, 1–766.

Deichmann, E (1936) The Alcyonaria of the western part of the Atlantic Ocean. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 53:1-317 + 37pls

Fabricus, K and Alderslade, P. (2001) Soft corals and sea fans. A comprehensive guide to the shallow-water genera of the central-west Pacific, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville. 264 pp.

Grasshoff M (1988) The genus Leptogorgia (Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae) in west Africa. Atlantide Report: Scientific Results of the Danish Expedition to the Coasts of Tropical West Africa 1945-1946 14:91-147.

McFadden, C.S., France, S.C, Sanchez, J.A. & Alderslade, P. (2006) A molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Octocorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) based on mitochondrial protein coding sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 41, 513–527.

Utinomi H (1961) A revision of the nomenclature of the family Nephtheidae (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea): II. The Boreal genera Gersemia, Duva, Drifa and Pseudodrifa (n.g.). Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 9:229-246

Verseveldt J (1978) On some Telestacea and Alcyonacea (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) from the West Indian region. Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 53:41-47

Verseveldt J, Bayer FM (1988) Revision of the genera Bellonella, Eleutherobia, Nidalia, and Nidaliopsis (Octocorallia: Alcyoniidae and Nidaliidae), with descriptions of two new genera. Zoologische Verhandelingen 245:1-131

Williams GC (1995) Living genera of sea pens (Coelenterata: Octocorallia: Pennatulacea): Illustrated key and synopses. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 113:93-140

Williams GC (2001) California Academy of Sciences Octocoral Research Center. Octocoral Classification (Higher Taxa) web page. Accessed 2006 Nov. 29.

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