The South Atlantic Bight
Octocoral Morphology

Gorgonacean Bauplan

List of Species

published version (DeVictor & Morton, Zootaxa 2599)
see this for keys

Occurrence Table

Notes on the Species
Carijoa riisei
Scleranthelia rugosa
Telesto fruticulosa
Telesto nelleae
Telesto sanguinea
Bellonella rubistella
Pseudodrifa nigra
Nidalia occidentalis
Iciligorgia schrammi
Diodogorgia nodulifera
Titanideum frauenfeldii
Muricea pendula
Thesea nivea
Bebryce cinerea
Bebryce parastellata
Scleracis guadalupensis
Leptogorgia hebes
Leptogorgia punicea
Leptogorgia cardinalis
Leptogorgia virgulata
Leptogorgia setacea
Leptogorgia euryale
Viminella barbadensis
Renilla reniformis
Sclerobelemnon theseus
Stylatula elegans
Virgularia presbytes

References Cited

Suggested Reading/Viewing


Family Virgulariidae

Virgularia presbytes Bayer, 1955

Virgularia presbytes Bayer 1955:295, Figs. 1, 2a-e..

Remarks. Virgularia presbytes maintains a rigid, pen-like colony shape that has overlapping, fleshy leaves comprised of numerous autozooids, fused at the base in a fan-like manner. On the ventral side, the edges of the leaves are arranged in an imbricating manner, but they do not touch dorsally where they leave a very distinct bare track with a medial groove. The presence of the autozooids causes the leaves to appear heavily ridged. Between the leaves are small siphonozooids in multiple rows, visible only when the larger leaves are lifted to expose the rachis. The axis is white, rigid and becomes flattened towards the base. V. presbytes usually lacks spiculation.

Atlantic distribution: North Carolina to Florida, Gulf of Mexico, Trinidad and Tobago, Surinam, and Brazil, 9-91 m (Bayer, 1955; Bayer, 1959b; Bayer, 1961; NMNH collections; SERTC collection).


Virgularia presbytes, preserved specimens (S2125): (top left) polyp leaves with autozooids (scale bar = 5mm); (right) full colony; (bottom left) bare dorsal track.

Virgularia presbytes, preserved specimen (S2125), showing  polyp leaves with autozooids

Virgularia presbytes, preserved specimen (S2125), showing bare dorsal track.


Virgularia presbytes, preserved specimen (S2125), full colony

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